Sökning: "ecological community"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 202 avhandlingar innehållade orden ecological community.

  1. 1. Benthic diatoms in the Gulf of Bothnia : Community analysis and diversity

    Författare :Svenja Busse; Michael Sullivan; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ecology; Baltic Sea; Biodiversity; Biomass; Community ecology; Diatoms; Multivariate analysis; Navicula; Phytobenthos; Salinity gradient; Scale; Size; Water movement; Ekologi; Terrestrial; freshwater and marine ecology; Terrestisk; limnisk och marin ekologi; Ecological Botany; Ekologisk botanik;

    Sammanfattning : Benthic diatoms are valuable tools for biological monitoring and paleo-ecological reconstruction of past environmental conditions. This thesis aims at describing size-related properties of benthic diatoms and suggests that data assessment for community analysis can be improved by considering the importance of scale. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Community Robustness Analysis : Theoretical Approaches to Identifying Keystone Structures in Ecological Communities

    Författare :Sofia Berg; Tomas Jonsson; Bo Ebenman; Daniel Stouffer; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : Most of the world’s ecosystems suffer from stress caused by human activities such as habitat destruction, fragmentation, overexploitation of species and climate change. These factors affect the reproduction and/or survival of individual species as well as interactions between species in ecological communities. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Management Practices for Dealing with Uncertainty and Change : Social-Ecological Systems in Tanzania and Madagascar

    Författare :Maria Tengö; Thomas Elmqvist; Monica Hammer; Carl Folke; Kamaljit Bawa; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; resilience; ecosystem services; local ecological knowledge; traditional ecological knowledge; ecosystem management; agroecosystems; dry tropical forest; social institutions; forest regeneration; sacred forests; taboos; community conservation; Southern Madagascar; Androy; Iraqw; management practices; habitat loss; small reserves; human-dominated ecosystems; social-ecological systems; Terrestrial; freshwater and marine ecology; Terrestisk; limnisk och marin ekologi;

    Sammanfattning : The development of human societies rests on functioning ecosystems. This thesis builds on integrated theories of linked social-ecological systems and complex adaptive systems to increase the understanding of how to strengthen the capacity of ecosystems to generate services that sustain human well-being. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Evolving ecological communities in changing environments

    Författare :Jacob Johansson; Evolutionär ekologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; adaptive dynamics; competition; community evolution; ecological communities; environmental change; evolutionary branching;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis consists of theoretical studies of the evolutionary consequences of environmental change in ecological communities. Paper I and II are concerned with the origin of diversity, i.e. how a single lineage can split into two, under the influence of selection induced by competitive interactions (evolutionary branching). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Effects of warming on the green alga Cladophora glomerata : Ecological and genetic responses

    Författare :Jenny Zie; Pauline Snoeijs; Mats Grahn; Anna Godhe; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; AFLP; Baltic Sea; Cladophora glomerata; climate change; community ecology; genome scan; global warming; selection; Marine Ecology; marin ekologi;

    Sammanfattning : Since the beginning of the 20th century, average global surface temperature has increased ~0.7 °C and the current scenarios predict that it will continue to rise additional 2-4 °C during the 21st century. LÄS MER