Sökning: "reward"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 192 avhandlingar innehållade ordet reward.

  1. 1. Reward-related genes and alcohol dependence

    Författare :Sara Landgren; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; alcohol; dependence; reward; smoking; body weight; gene; polymorphism; nAChR; ghrelin; GHS-R1A;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction: The rewarding properties of alcohol are mediated by the brain reward systems, specifically by the cholinergic-dopaminergic reward link, involving both nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) as well as the ghrelin signalling system. The susceptibility for developing alcohol dependence is influenced by genetic factors. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Molecular Mechanisms of Reward and Aversion

    Författare :Anna Klawonn; David Engblom; Anders Blomqvist; Paul Kenny; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Motivation; Dopamine; Reward; Aversion; Negative affect; Systemic Inflammation; Drug Addiction; Cytokines; Prostaglandin E2; Melanocortin receptor 4; Acetylcholine; Muscarinic M4 receptor;

    Sammanfattning : Various molecular pathways in the brain shape our understanding of good and bad, as well as our motivation to seek and avoid such stimuli. This work evolves around how systemic inflammation causes aversion; and why general unpleasant states such as sickness, stress, pain and nausea are encoded by our brain as undesirable; and contrary to these questions, how drugs of abuse can subjugate the motivational neurocircuitry of the brain. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Intestinal regulation of hunger and reward. Studies with thylakoids

    Författare :Eva-Lena Stenblom; Aptitkontroll; []
    Nyckelord :Appetite regulation; Reward; Obesity; Fat metabolism; Thylakoids; Hunger; Satiety; Hedonic hunger; Cravings; Overweight; Food intake;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  4. 4. Reward Management in Swedish Real Estate Firms : Five essays

    Författare :Samuel Azasu; Mats Wilhelmsson; Stephen Perkins; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; reward management; real estate; Business studies; Företagsekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  5. 5. The gut-brain axis and alcohol-mediated behaviours: the amylin story

    Författare :Aimilia Lydia Kalafateli; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; reward; mesolimbic dopamine system; addiction; calcitonin; IAPP;

    Sammanfattning : Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder with high rates of mortality and morbidity. The currently available pharmacotherapies show varied efficacy, leading to the investigation of new neurochemical targets for alcohol. LÄS MER