Sökning: "relative income"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 161 avhandlingar innehållade orden relative income.

  1. 1. Others’ income, one’s own fate : How income inequality, relative social position and social comparisons contribute to disparities in health

    Författare :Alexander Miething; Olle Lundberg; Monica Åberg Yngwe; Siegfried Geyer; Espen Dahl; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Social inequality; health; income; subjective social position; income satisfaction; relative deprivation; Sweden; Germany; Sociology; sociologi;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of this thesis is to contribute to a greater understanding of how social inequalities in health evolve causally and to explore the missing links between social position and health in different social and economic contexts.A premise in the thesis is that in affluent societies, not only material aspects and purchasing power linked to income and social positions are important explanations for the health of individuals, but also the relative socio-economic standards in society. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Essays on Income Risk and Inequality

    Författare :Karl Harmenberg; Per Krusell; Fatih Guvenen; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; income risk; income inequality; consumption; durable goods; cyclical skewness; top-income inequality; gender gap; glass ceiling; assortative mating; Economics; nationalekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : Consumption Dynamics under Time-Varying Unemployment Risk We study the response of households' demand for durable goods to fluctuations in unemployment risk. First, using survey data, we document that household durable expenditures react strongly to unemployment risk, while the effect on nondurable expenditures is indistinguishable from zero. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Inequalities in life and death : Income and mortality in an ageing population

    Författare :Johan Rehnberg; Johan Fritzell; Stefan Fors; Ylva B. Almquist; Martijn Huisman; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; income; health; mortality; ageing; inequality; age-as-leveler; cumulative disadvantage; folkhälsovetenskap; Public Health Sciences;

    Sammanfattning : Income serves as an indicator of success relative to others, and provides individuals with resources that strengthen their capability to face challenges and benefit from opportunities. Out of all social determinants of health, income is one of the strongest predictors of health outcomes. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Two Essays on Relative Consumption

    Författare :Fredrik W. Andersson; Göteborgs universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; relative consumption; marginal degree of positionality; choice experiments; questionnaire-experimental methods;

    Sammanfattning : First paper: Consumption Theory with Reference Dependent Utility: Its Impact on Marginal Propensity to Consume This paper presents a closed form consumption function for an individual when he derives utility from his own previous and current consumption and from the previous consumption of his relevant others. I show that the individual's marginal propensity to consume (MPC) is smaller than the MPC under the permanent income hypothesis. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Essays on the Economics of Income Taxation

    Författare :Spencer Bastani; Sören Blomquist; Luca Micheletto; Robin Boadway; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; taxation; income redistribution; in-kind transfers; tagging; behavioral responses to income taxation; Economics; Nationalekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis consists of five self-contained essays.Essay 1. (with Sören Blomquist and Luca Micheletto) Using a calibrated overlapping-generations model we quantify the welfare gains of an age-dependent labor income tax. Agents face uncertainty regarding future abilities and can transfer consumption across periods through savings. LÄS MER