Sökning: "relative income"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 112 avhandlingar innehållade orden relative income.

  1. 1. Others’ income, one’s own fate How income inequality, relative social position and social comparisons contribute to disparities in health

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Department of Sociology, Stockholm University

    Författare :Alexander Miething; Stockholms universitet.; [2014]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Social inequality; health; income; subjective social position; income satisfaction; relative deprivation; Sweden; Germany; Sociology; sociologi;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of this thesis is to contribute to a greater understanding of how social inequalities in health evolve causally and to explore the missing links between social position and health in different social and economic contexts.A premise in the thesis is that in affluent societies, not only material aspects and purchasing power linked to income and social positions are important explanations for the health of individuals, but also the relative socio-economic standards in society. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Essays on Income Risk and Inequality

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Department of Economics, Stockholm University

    Författare :Karl Harmenberg; Stockholms universitet.; Stockholms universitet.; [2018]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; income risk; income inequality; consumption; durable goods; cyclical skewness; top-income inequality; gender gap; glass ceiling; assortative mating; Economics; nationalekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : Consumption Dynamics under Time-Varying Unemployment Risk We study the response of households' demand for durable goods to fluctuations in unemployment risk. First, using survey data, we document that household durable expenditures react strongly to unemployment risk, while the effect on nondurable expenditures is indistinguishable from zero. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Two Essays on Relative Consumption

    Detta är en avhandling från Göteborg

    Författare :Fredrik W. Andersson; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2006]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; relative consumption; marginal degree of positionality; choice experiments; questionnaire-experimental methods;

    Sammanfattning : First paper: Consumption Theory with Reference Dependent Utility: Its Impact on Marginal Propensity to Consume This paper presents a closed form consumption function for an individual when he derives utility from his own previous and current consumption and from the previous consumption of his relevant others. I show that the individual's marginal propensity to consume (MPC) is smaller than the MPC under the permanent income hypothesis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Essays on the Economics of Income Taxation

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala universitet

    Författare :Spencer Bastani; Uppsala universitet.; [2012]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Economics; Nationalekonomi; taxation; income redistribution; in-kind transfers; tagging; behavioral responses to income taxation;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis consists of five self-contained essays.Essay 1. (with Sören Blomquist and Luca Micheletto) Using a calibrated overlapping-generations model we quantify the welfare gains of an age-dependent labor income tax. Agents face uncertainty regarding future abilities and can transfer consumption across periods through savings. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Essays on intergenerational income mobility, geographical mobility, and education

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå University

    Författare :Stefanie Heidrich; Umeå universitet.; [2016]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; optimal taxation; social norms; intergenerational mobility; regional analysis; multilevel model; child human capital development; moving costs; simulation of income paths; lifetime income; nationalekonomi; Economics;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis consists of an introductory part and the following four self-contained papers:In Paper [I] we analyze the implications of social identity and self-categorization for optimal redistributive income taxation. A two-type model is supplemented by an assumption that individuals select themselves into social categories, in which norms are formed and education effort choices partly depend on these norms. LÄS MER