Sökning: "X-ray imaging"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 195 avhandlingar innehållade orden X-ray imaging.

  1. 1. Coherent Diffractive Imaging with X-ray Lasers

    Författare :Max Felix Hantke; Filipe R. N. C. Maia; Janos Hajdu; Martin Svenda; Edgar Weckert; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; coherent diffractive X-ray imaging; lensless imaging; coherent X-ray diffractive imaging; flash diffractive imaging; single particle imaging; aerosol injection; electrospray injection; substrate-free sample delivery; carboxysome; phase retrieval; X-ray diffraction software; X-ray free-electron laser; XFEL; FEL; CXI; CDI; CXDI; FXI;

    Sammanfattning : The newly emerging technology of X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) has the potential to revolutionise molecular imaging. XFELs generate very intense X-ray pulses and predictions suggest that they may be used for structure determination to atomic resolution even for single molecules. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Statistical processing of Flash X-ray Imaging of protein complexes

    Författare :Alberto Pietrini; Carl Nettelblad; Johan Bielecki; Janos Hajdu; Flavio Capotondi; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; X-ray; XFEL; single particle; hit-finder; statistical hit-finder; single protein; protein complex; RNA polymerase II; FEL; free-electron laser; FXI; Flash X-ray Imaging; CXI; CSPAD; x-ray imaging; COACS; Physics with specialization in Biophysics; Fysik med inriktning mot biofysik;

    Sammanfattning : Flash X-ray Imaging (FXI) at X-ray Free Electron Lasers (XFELs) is a promising technique that permits the investigation of the 3D structure of molecules without the need for crystallization, by diffracting on single individual sample particles.In the past few years, some success has been achieved by using FXI on quite large biological complexes (40 nm-1 μm in diameter size). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Laboratory x-ray fluorescence tomography

    Författare :Jakob C. Larsson; Hans Hertz; Anna Burvall; Ulrich Vogt; Norbert Pelc; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; x-ray; fluorescence; x-ray fluorescence; nanoparticle; xrf; xfct; tomography; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : X-ray fluorescence (XRF) tomography is an emerging bio-imaging modality with potential for high-resolution molecular imaging in 3D. In this technique the fluorescence signal from targeted nanoparticles (NPs) is measured, providing information about the spatial distribution and concentration of the NPs inside the object. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Imaging Living Cells with an X-ray Laser

    Författare :Gijs van der Schot; Tomas Ekeberg; Janos Hajdu; Filipe Maia; Pierre Thibault; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Coherent diffractive X-ray imaging; flash X-ray imaging; lensless imaging; single particle imaging; cyanobacteria; phasing; image classification; substrate-free sample delivery; X-ray free-electron laser; XFEL; FEL; CDXI; CDI; CXI; FXI; Chemistry with specialization in Biophysics; Kemi med inriktning mot biofysik;

    Sammanfattning : Imaging living cells at a resolution higher than the resolution of optical microscopy is a significant challenge. Fluorescence microscopy can achieve a degree of super-resolution via labeling cellular components with a fluorescent dye. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Laboratory X-Ray Phase-Contrast Imaging : Methods and Comparisons

    Författare :Tunhe Zhou; Anna Burvall; Hans M. Hertz; Tim Salditt; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; X-ray imaging; Phase-contrast; Liquid-metal-jet source; Propagation-based imaging; Grating-based imaging; Speckle-based imaging; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : X-ray phase-contrast imaging has seen rapid development in recent decades due to its superior performance in imaging low-absorption objects, compared to traditional attenuation x-ray imaging. Having higher demand on coherence, x-ray phase-contrast imaging is performed mostly at synchrotrons. LÄS MER