Sökning: "quantum dots"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 173 avhandlingar innehållade orden quantum dots.

  1. 1. ZnO Quantum Dots : Size Dependent Optical, Vibrational and Photoelectrochemical Properties

    Författare :Jesper Jacobsson; Tomas Edvinsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ZnO; nanoparticels; quantum dots; Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry; Kemi med inriktning mot oorganisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is devoted to quantum dots of ZnO in the size regime 2.5-10 nm.The focus is directed towards their size dependent properties with specialemphasis on the optical, vibrational and photocatalytic properties. The particleswere synthesized by hydrolysis in alkaline zinc acetate solution. LÄS MER

  2. 2. On the role of the electron-electron interaction in two-dimensional quantum dots and rings

    Författare :Erik Waltersson; Eva Lindroth; Stephanie Reimann; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quantum dot; quantum ring; quantum dot molecule; electronic structure; two-dimensional; many-body physics; many-body perturbation theory; coupled cluster; coupled cluster singles and doubles; quantum logical gates; quantum computing; quantum control; quantum control algorithm; Electronic structure; Elektronstruktur; fysik; Physics;

    Sammanfattning : Many-Body Perturbation Theory is put to test as a method for reliable calculations of the electron-electron interaction in two-dimensional quantum dots. We show that second order correlation gives qualitative agreement with experiments on a level which was not found within the Hartree-Fock description. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Optical Studies of Single Quantum Dots

    Författare :Jonas Persson; Fasta tillståndets fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; nano-optics; quantum optics; photoluminescence; micro-photoluminescence; single photon generation; Semiconductory physics; Halvledarfysik; low-dimensional structures; quantum dots; Stranski-Krastanow; Fysicumarkivet A:2004:Persson;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents spectroscopic studies of single self-assembled InP quantum dots (QDs). The electronic properties of these QDs have been studied by photoluminescence (PL) and scanning tunnelling luminescence (STL). The QDs were grown in the Stranski-Krastanow mode and were embedded in GaInP. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Quantum Holonomy for Many-Body Systems and Quantum Computation

    Författare :Vahid Azimi Mousolou; Erik Sjöqvist; Rosario Fazio; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quantum holonomy; geometric phase; quantum correlations; quantum phase transitions; quantum computation; Natural Science; Naturvetenskap; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : The research of this Ph. D. thesis is in the field of Quantum Computation and Quantum Information. A key problem in this field is the fragile nature of quantum states. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Quantum and Ballistic Nanodevices

    Författare :Ivan Shorubalko; Fasta tillståndets fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; III-V semiconductors; low-dimensional structures; nanostructures; ballistic rectifiers; three-terminal ballistic junctions; quantum wires; planar quantum dots; logic gates; harmonic generation; InP; GaInAs; nanoelectronics; Fysik; Physics; nonlinear transport; electron transport; quantum nanodevices; ballistic nanodevices; Fysicumarkivet A:2003:Shorubalko;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, electron transport in quantum and ballistic devices was studied. The devices studied here were quantum wires, planar quantum dots, ballistic rectifiers, artificial functional materials, and three-terminal ballistic junctions. The possible application of such devices in the future nanoelectronics was also investigated. LÄS MER