Sökning: "ionic strength"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 170 avhandlingar innehållade orden ionic strength.

  1. 1. On the Course of Kraft Cooking - The impact of ionic strength

    Författare :Binh Dang; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; molecular weight distribution.; hexenuronic acids; carbohydrate removal; delignification; sodium ion concentration; lignin; ionic strength; xylan; flow-through kraft cooking; kinetics;

    Sammanfattning : Kraft pulping is the dominant process currently used to produce chemical pulps, and has been applied for more than 130 years. A large number of studies have been conducted to gain a better understanding of the delignification kinetics as well as the reactions of the wood components being dissolved during the cooking process. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Filtration of Cellulosic material - the impact of ionic strength and electric field

    Författare :Anna Lidén; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; electro-assisted; microfibrillated cellulose; ionic strength; microcrystalline cellulose; dead-end filtration;

    Sammanfattning : It is crucial that dewatering technology is considered if an economically feasible production of cellulosic materials is to be achieved. Cellulosic materials are often produced in dilute streams and therefore require great amounts of water to be removed to allow for reasonable transportation costs and/or further modifications. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Water in and on ionic materials : Structure, energetics, and vibrations

    Författare :Getachew Kebede; Kersti Hermansson; Marie-Pierre Gaigeot; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; DFT; dispersion interactions; OH stretching frequency; electric field; dipole moment; Hydrogen bond; ionic surfaces; ionic hydrates;

    Sammanfattning : Many chemical and physical phenomena in nature, in industrial processes, and in our daily lives take place at water/solid interfaces. The aim of this thesis is to further our knowledge of such processes at a molecular level. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Effects of HCO3- and ionic strength on the oxidation and dissolution of UO2

    Författare :Mohammad Moshin Hossain; Mats Jonsson; Olle Wahlberg; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; UO2; H2O2; spent nuclear fuel; HCO3-; ionic strength; oxidation; dissolution; surface site density.; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Sammanfattning : The kinetics for radiation induced dissolution of spent nuclear fuel is a key issue in the safety assessment of a future deep repository. Spent nuclear fuel mainly consists of UO2 and therefore the release of radionuclides (fission products and actinides) is assumed to be governed by the oxidation and subsequent dissolution of the UO2 matrix. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Towards an understanding of surface hydrophobization of paper - Exploring the effect of polymer nanoparticles, starch, ionic strength and process parameters

    Författare :Frida Iselau; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; starch; ionic strength; paper hydrophobization; nanoparticles; penetration.; kinetics; charge ratio; temperature; aggregation; Surface sizing;

    Sammanfattning : Paper materials are cost effective and lightweight, they can easily be recycled and their use as an alternative to plastics is advantageous from an environmental and sustainability perspective. However, competing with plastics for packaging applications is a challenge for cellulosic products. LÄS MER