Sökning: "kinetics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 1393 avhandlingar innehållade ordet kinetics.

  1. 1. CO2 separation using ionic liquid-based absorbents : thermodynamics and kinetics

    Författare :Yifeng Chen; Xiaoyan Ji; Xiaohua Lu; Marcus Öhman; Congmin Wang; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Ionic liquids; carbon dioxide; thermodynamics; kinetics; Energiteknik; Energy Engineering;

    Sammanfattning : Ionic liquids (ILs) have shown great potential to be used as absorbents for CO2 separation owing to their unique properties such as immeasurably low vapour pressure, high thermal stability, high CO2 affinity, and tunable structure. A huge amount of researches have been carried out, and most of them focused on developing novel ILs for CO2 separation. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Oxidation kinetics of nickel particles

    Författare :Richard Karmhag; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Materials science; Oxidation; kinetics; nickel; particles; UFP; solar absorber; Materialvetenskap; Materials science; Teknisk materialvetenskap; Solid State Physics; fasta tillståndets fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Nanoparticles have an immense surface to volume ratio. This is a key factor to the new properties of some materials made up of such particles. The oxide layer formed on all materials will have a large influence on the behaviour of these materials. The layer isadvantageous in some cases but causes problems in other. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Lipase chemoselectivity - kinetics and applications

    Författare :Cecilia Hedfors; Karl Hult; Mats Martinelle; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Candida antarctica lipase B; Rhizomucor miehei lipase; active site titration; kinetics; chemoselectivity; thiol; alcohol; thiol-functionalized polyesters; Biochemistry; Biokemi;

    Sammanfattning :   A chemoselective catalyst is preferred in a chemical reaction where protecting groups otherwise are needed. The two lipases Candida antarctica lipase B and Rhizomucor miehei lipase showed large chemoselectivity ratios, defined as (kcat/KM)OH / (kcat/KM)SH, in a transacylation reaction with ethyl octanoate as acyl donor and hexanol or hexanethiol as acyl acceptor (paper I). LÄS MER

  4. 4. Xylan sorption kinetics at industrial conditions

    Författare :Espen Ribe; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Sorption; Yield; Sorption conditions; Kinetics; Kraft cooking; Hemicellulose; Modelling; Black liquor; Xylan;

    Sammanfattning : The kraft process is the most utilised method for the production of wood based chemical pulp for paper applications. During a kraft cook about half of the wood material is dissoluted into the cooking liquor making the liberation of individual fibres possible. This low yield is a great disadvantage for process economy. LÄS MER

  5. 5. The kinetics of cellulose enzymatic hydrolysis : Implications of the synergism between enzymes

    Författare :Priit Väljamäe; Jan-Christer Janson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biochemistry; Acetobacter; Cellobiohydrolase; Cellobiose; Cellulase; Cellulose; Diffusion; Endoglucanase; Hydrolysis; Inhibition; Kinetics; Model; Product; Substrate; Surface; Synergism; Trichoderma reesei; Biokemi; Biochemistry; Biokemi; biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The hydrolysis kinetics of bacterial cellulose and its derivatives by Trichoderma reesei cellulases was studied. The cellulose surface erosion model was introduced to explain the gradual and strong retardation of the rate of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. LÄS MER