Sökning: "X-ray scattering"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 226 avhandlingar innehållade orden X-ray scattering.

  1. 1. Coherent Diffractive Imaging with X-ray Lasers

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Max Felix Hantke; Uppsala universitet.; [2016]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; coherent diffractive X-ray imaging; lensless imaging; coherent X-ray diffractive imaging; flash diffractive imaging; single particle imaging; aerosol injection; electrospray injection; substrate-free sample delivery; carboxysome; phase retrieval; X-ray diffraction software; X-ray free-electron laser; XFEL; FEL; CXI; CDI; CXDI; FXI;

    Sammanfattning : The newly emerging technology of X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) has the potential to revolutionise molecular imaging. XFELs generate very intense X-ray pulses and predictions suggest that they may be used for structure determination to atomic resolution even for single molecules. LÄS MER

  2. 2. X-ray scattering and spectroscopy of supercooled water and ice

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Department of Physics, Stockholm University

    Författare :Jonas A. Sellberg; Stockholms universitet.; [2014]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; supercooled water; ice; x-ray scattering; x-ray spectroscopy; free-electron laser; kemisk fysik; Chemical Physics;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents experimental studies of water and ice at near-atmospheric pressures using intense x-rays only accessible at synchrotrons and free-electron lasers. In particular, it focuses on the deeply supercooled, metastable state and its implications on ice nucleation. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Spontaneous and stimulated X-ray Raman scattering

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Yu-Ping Sun; KTH.; [2011]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; resonant X-ray scattering; resonant Auger scattering; rotational Doppler broadening; XFEL pulse; NATURAL SCIENCES Physics Atomic and molecular physics; NATURVETENSKAP Fysik Atom- och molekylfysik; NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Analytical chemistry Spectroscopy; NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Analytisk kemi Spektroskopi;

    Sammanfattning : The present thesis is devoted to theoretical studies of resonant X-ray scattering and propagation of strong X-ray pulses. In the first part of the thesis the nuclear dynamics of different molecules is studied using resonant X-ray Raman and resonant Auger scattering techniques. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Multimode resonant X-ray scattering of free molecules

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm, Sweden : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Nina Ignatova; KTH.; [2018]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; X-ray absorption spectroscopy; core-excited state; nuclear dynamic; wave-packet; resonant inelastic X-ray scattering; Franck-Condon; water; methanol; water isotopomer; pump-probe; quantum chemistry; ultrafast dissociation; Kemi; Chemistry; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is focused on the role that nuclear dynamics plays in the formation of X-ray absorption (XAS) and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) spectra of multimode free molecules. A combined approach based on ab initio electronic structure methods and quantum nuclear wave packet dynamics is applied to two systems -- water and methanol in the gas phase. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Coupled electron-nuclear dynamics in inelastic X-ray scattering

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm, Sweden : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Rafael Carvalho Couto; KTH.; [2016]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; X-ray spectroscopy; resonant inelastic X-ray scattering; water; carbon monoxide; Theoretical Chemistry and Biology; Teoretisk kemi och biologi;

    Sammanfattning : This Thesis is devoted to theoretical and experimental studies of resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) of carbon monoxide and water molecules. Using state-of-the-art ab initio electronic structure calculations and a time-dependent wave packet formalism, we make a complete analysis of the experimental RIXS spectra of the two molecular systems. LÄS MER