Sökning: "Spektroskopi"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 115 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Spektroskopi.

  1. 1. Road surface characterization using near infrared spectroscopy

    Författare :Johan Casselgren; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Engineering mechanics - Other engineering mechanics; Spektroskopi; Väglagsklassificering; Friktion; Väglagskarakterisering; Teknisk mekanik - Övrig teknisk mekanik; Experimentell mekanik; Experimental Mechanics;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents a technology and method for classifying and characterizing different road conditions such as dry asphalt and asphalt covered with water, ice and snow. The method uses light sources of different wavelengths to illuminate the road surface and a detector to measure the reflected light from the road surfaces, dependent on how the surface have absorbed, scattered and polarized the light it is possible to classify the road condition. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Formation and Dynamics of Molecular Excitons and their Fingerprints in Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy

    Författare :Pär Kjellberg; Kemisk fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; supraledare; magnetisk resonans; spektroskopi; Physical chemistry; Fysikalisk kemi; Photochemistry; Fotokemi; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur; magnetiska och optiska ; egenskaper elektriska; supraconductors; magnetic resonance; relaxation; spectroscopy; Fysik; Chemistry; Kemi; Condensed matter:electronic structure; electrical; Physics; Redfield relaxation theory ; Inhomogeneous broadening ; Time-dependent density functional theory ; Conjugated polymers ; Three-pulse photon echo ; Molecular excitons ; magnetic and optical properties; Nonlinear spectroscopy ;

    Sammanfattning : An efficient transfer of energy in molecular systems has proven to be of fundamental importance both in nature and industrial applications. The ability of molecules to work together forming collective excitations, so-called excitons, plays a key role in for example the extraordinary fast energy transfer involved in the first steps of photosynthesis. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Laboratory and stellar spectroscopy of the complex ions Fe+, Mo+, Th+ and U+

    Författare :Hampus Nilsson; Astronomi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; molybdenum; iron; thorium; uranium.; Atomic and molecular physics; Atom- och molekylärfysik; Astronomy; space research; cosmic chemistry; Astronomi; rymdvetenskap; kosmisk kemi; Condensed matter:electronic structure; electrical; spektroskopi; magnetisk resonans; supraledare; magnetiska och optiska ; egenskaper elektriska; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur; spectroscopy; relaxation; magnetic resonance; magnetic and optical properties; supraconductors; astrophysics; radiative lifetimes; oscillator strengths; term analysis; Fourier transform spectroscopy; branching fractions; Fysicumarkivet A:2002:Nilsson;

    Sammanfattning : The new generation of high resolution astronomical instruments such as the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) or the Very Large Telescope (VLT) has renewed the demand for accurate atomic parameters like wavelengths, oscillator strengths and line profiles accompanied by reliable uncertainty estimates. Fourier transform spectroscopy has proven to be a powerful tool when measuring these parameters. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Quantitative Modeling of Gain in Quantum Cascade Lasers under Operational Intensities

    Författare :David Winge; Matematisk fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; non-linear response; quantum cascade lasers; modelling; Non-equilibrium Green s functions; Gain clamping; Fysicumarkivet A:2016:Winge; kvantkaskadlaser; terahertz; infrarött; Halvledarfysik; spektroskopi; simulering;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis adresses modeling of quantum cascade lasers using non-equilibrium Green’s functions. Focus lies on the quantitative modeling of the gain when the systems are exposed to strong laser fields, as under realistic opertional conditions. LÄS MER

  5. 5. The Nucleus 59Cu - Complex Structure, Shape Evolution, Exotic Decay Modes

    Författare :Corina Andreoiu; Fysiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur; spectroscopy; relaxation; magnetic resonance; supraconductors; Ge detectors; gamma-ray spectroscopy; charged particle detectors; level scheme; superdeformation; Cranched Nilsson-Strutinsky approach; gamma decay-out mechanism; prompt proton decay; Condensed matter:electronic structure; Kärnfysik; Nuclear physics; magnetic and optical properties; electrical; egenskaper elektriska; magnetiska och optiska ; supraledare; magnetisk resonans; spektroskopi; Fysicumarkivet A:2002:Andreoiu;

    Sammanfattning : High-spin states in the mass A~60 region were populated using the state-of-art gamma-ray spectrometers Gammasphere, Euroball, and GASP in conjunction with dedicated ancillary detectors. In particular, the 59Cu nucleus was studied in several experiments, and a very extensive level scheme was determined. LÄS MER