Sökning: "Environmental chemistry"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 508 avhandlingar innehållade orden Environmental chemistry.

  1. 1. Generation, stability and migration of montmorillonite colloids in aqueous systems

    Författare :Sandra García García; Mats Jonsson; Tiziana Missana; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Bentonite; montmorillonite; colloid stability; colloid migration; geological disposal; nuclear waste; granitic fractures; ; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; Environmental toxicology; Miljötoxikologi; Surface and colloid chemistry; Yt- och kolloidkemi; Nuclear chemistry; Kärnkemi;

    Sammanfattning : In Sweden the encapsulated nuclear waste will be surrounded by compacted bentonite in the granitic host rock. In contact with water-bearing fractures the bentonite barrier may release montmorillonite colloids that may be further transported in groundwater. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Environmental levels of thallium : influence of redox properties and anthropogenic sources

    Författare :Ulrika Karlsson; Stefan Karlsson; Anders Düker; Roger Herbert; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; thallium; Tl I ; Tl III ; separation; ion chromatography; fresh water; sediment; mine waste; fly ash; redistribution; ICP-MS; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Thallium is a highly toxic element that humans are exposed to mainly by consumption of drinking water and vegetables grown in soil with high thallium content but also through inhalation of particles in the air. Thallium is also present in fossil fuels, alloys, and in electronic utilities. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Targeted and untargeted analysis of organic contaminants from on-site sewage treatment facilities : Removal, fate and environmental impact

    Författare :Kristin Blum; Peter Haglund; Patrik Andersson; Pim Leonards; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; decentralized sewage treatment; wastewater; surface water; environmental fate; bioavailability; removal efficiency; mass fluxes; biochar; environment; GC×GC-MS; LC-IM-MS; mass spectrometry; contaminants; pollutants; prioritization; non-target analysis; screening; analytisk kemi; Analytical Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : On-site sewage treatment facilities (OSSFs) are widely used all over the world to treat wastewater when large-scale sewage treatment plants (STPs) are not economically feasible. Although there is great awareness that the release of untreated wastewater into the environment can lead to water-related diseases and eutrophication, little is known about organic contaminants and their removal by OSSFs, environmental load and fate. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Assessment of human exposure to per- and polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) : exposure through food, drinking water, house dust and indoor air

    Författare :Ingrid Ericson Jogsten; Gunilla Lindström; Bert van Bavel; Stuart Harrad; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; human exposure; per- and polyfluorinated compunds PFCs ; dietary intake; drinking water; indoor environment; TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIKVETENSKAP; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; Chemistry; Kemi; Miljökemi; Environmental Chemistry; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Per- and polyfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are detected in humans worldwide but all sources of human exposure have not been fully characterized. The aim of this thesis was to evaluate the contributions from food, water, air and dust as sources for human PFC exposure in the general population. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Chemoinformetics for green chemistry

    Författare :Tao Liu; Tomas Öberg; Ian Nicholls; Bert van Bavel; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; QSPR; PLS; Chemometrics; Chemoinformatics; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; Environmental Chemistry; Miljökemi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on the development of quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSPR) models for physicochemical properties, e.g., vapor pressure and partitioning coefficients. Such models can be used to estimate environmental distribution and transformation of the pollutants or to characterize solvents properties. LÄS MER