Sökning: "Surface and colloid chemistry"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 43 avhandlingar innehållade orden Surface and colloid chemistry.

  1. 1. Generation, stability and migration of montmorillonite colloids in aqueous systems

    Författare :Sandra García García; Mats Jonsson; Tiziana Missana; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Bentonite; montmorillonite; colloid stability; colloid migration; geological disposal; nuclear waste; granitic fractures; ; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; Environmental toxicology; Miljötoxikologi; Surface and colloid chemistry; Yt- och kolloidkemi; Nuclear chemistry; Kärnkemi;

    Sammanfattning : In Sweden the encapsulated nuclear waste will be surrounded by compacted bentonite in the granitic host rock. In contact with water-bearing fractures the bentonite barrier may release montmorillonite colloids that may be further transported in groundwater. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Electric Fields for Surface Design and Chemical Analysis

    Författare :Christian Ulrich; Fredrik Björefors; Ingemar Lundström; Tautgirdas Ruzgas; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Electric fields; Surface design; Chemical analysis; Bipolar electrodes; Impedance spectroscopy; Electrochemistry; Elektrokemi; Chemical physics; Kemisk fysik; Physical chemistry; Fysikalisk kemi; Surface and colloid chemistry; Yt- och kolloidkemi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with the use of electric fields for evaluation and control of chemical systems. An electric field can result in the flow of charge across an interface between a metal and a solution, by means of chemical reactions. This interplay between electricity and chemistry, i.e. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Metal Particles – Hazard or Risk? Elaboration and Implementation of a Research Strategy from a Surface and Corrosion Perspective

    Författare :Klara Midander; Inger Odnevall Wallinder; Sannakaisa Virtanen; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ferro-chromium alloy; metal particles; bioaccessibility; chemical speciation; dermal contact; surface oxide; in-vitro testing; chemical speciation; cu; copper; comet assay; intracellular; ultrafine; in vitro; A549; cytotoxicity; DNA damage; nanoparticles; particle characterization; artificial sweat; nickel release; nickel powder particles; particle loadings; release kinetics; surface area; copper release; powder particles; synthetic body fluids; simulation of interstitial lung conditions; skin contact; metal release; stainless steel; particles; test method; Surface and colloid chemistry; Yt- och kolloidkemi; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi; Spectroscopy; Spektroskopi;

    Sammanfattning : Do metal particles (including particles of pure metals, alloys, metal oxides and compounds) pose a hazard or risk to human health? In the light of this question, this thesis summarizes results from research conducted on metal particles, and describes the elaboration and implementation of an in vitro test methodology to study metal release from particles through corrosion and dissolution processes in synthetic biological media relevant for human exposure through inhalation/ingestion and dermal contact. Bioaccessible metals are defined as the pool of released metals from particles that potentially could be made available for absorption by humans or other organisms. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Interactions between non-polar surfaces in water: Fokus on talc, pitch and surface roughness effects

    Författare :Viveca Wallqvist; Per Claesson; Janne Laine; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Talc; surface forces; capillary attraction; hydrophobic interaction; pitch control; wetting agent; dispersing agent; adsorption; imbibition; absorption; permeation; atomic force microscopy; colloidal probe; Hamaker constant; surface roughness; nanostructure.; Talk; kapillärattraktion; ytkrafter; hydrofob växelverkan; hartskontroll; vätningsmedel; dispergeringsmedel; adsorption; uppsugning; absorption; permeabilitet; atomkraftsmikroskopi; kolloidal partikel; Hamakerkonstant; ytråhet; nanostrukturerad yta.; Surface and colloid chemistry; Yt- och kolloidkemi; Physical chemistry; Fysikalisk kemi; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis work was to gain understanding of the interactions between talc mineral and surfaces, liquids and chemicals relevant for industrial applications, such as pulp and paper. Talc is used in the pulp and paper industry as a filler pigment, in control of pitch (lipophilic extractives) deposits and as a coating pigment. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Drugs and polymers in dissolving solid dispersions : NMR imaging and spectroscopy

    Författare :Carina Dahlberg; István Furó; Anna Millqvist-Fureby; Michael Schuleit; Jadwiga Tritt-Goc; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Physical chemistry; Fysikalisk kemi; Surface and colloid chemistry; Yt- och kolloidkemi; PHARMACY; FARMACI;

    Sammanfattning : The number of poorly water-soluble drug substances in the pharmaceutical pipeline is increasing, and thereby also the need to design effective drug delivery systems providing high bioavailability. One favourable formulation approach is preparation of solid dispersions, where dispersing a poorly water-soluble drug in a water-soluble polymer matrix improves the dissolution behaviour and the bioavailability of the drug. LÄS MER