Sökning: "catalysis"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 566 avhandlingar innehållade ordet catalysis.

  1. 1. Asymmetric Catalysis : Ligand Design and Conformational Studies

    Författare :Kristina Hallman; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :asymmetric catalysis; chiral ligand; oxazolines; conformational study; allylic substitution; polymer-bound ligands; dendritic ligands; crown ether; oxidations; palladacycle;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with the design of ligands for efficientasymmetric catalysis and studies of the conformation of theligands in the catalytically active complexes. All ligandsdeveloped contain chiral oxazoline heterocycles. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Novel Pincer Complex-Catalyzed Transformations : Including Asymmetric Catalysis

    Författare :Juhanes Aydin; Kálmán J. Szabó; Oleg V. Ozerov; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; pincer; palladium; catalysis; chiral; asymmetric; palladium IV; allylation; aldol; aminoacid; C-H functionalization; cross-coupling; homoallylic; heck reaction; tridentate ligand; Chemistry; Kemi; Organic Chemistry; organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is focused on the development of new pincer complex-catalyzed transformations. Optimization of the catalytic properties (fine-tuning) was directed to increase the catalytic activity as well as the chemo-, stereo- and enantioselectivity of the complexes. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Asymmetric catalysis : ligand design and microwave acceleration

    Författare :Ulf Bremberg; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals partly with the design and synthesis ofligands for use in asymmetric catalysis, and partly with theapplication of microwave heating on metal-based asymmetriccatalytic reactions.Enantiomerically pure pyridyl alcohols and bipyridylalcohols were synthesized from the chiral pool for future usein asymmetric catalysis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Insights into Materials Properties from Ab Initio Theory : Diffusion, Adsorption, Catalysis & Structure

    Författare :Andreas Blomqvist; Rajeev Ahuja; Christopher Wolverton; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Density functional theory; Molecular dynamics; Diffusion; Catalysis; Adsorption; Random structure search; Hydrogen-storage materials; Phase-change materials; Defects and diffusion; Defekter och diffusion; Surfaces and interfaces; Ytor och mellanytor; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, density functional theory (DFT) calculations and DFT based ab initio molecular dynamics simulations have been employed in order to gain insights into materials properties like diffusion, adsorption, catalysis, and structure. In transition metals, absorbed hydrogen atoms self-trap due to localization of metal d-electrons. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Transition Metal Catalysis for Selective Synthesis and Sustainable Chemistry

    Författare :J. Johan Verendel; Pher G. Andersson; Reko Leino; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Catalysis; Transition metals; Asymmetric catalysis; Hydrogenation; Sustainable chemistry; Kemi med inriktning mot organisk kemi; Chemistry with specialization in Organic Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis discusses the preparation and use of transition-metal catalysts for selective organic chemical reactions. Specifically, two different matters have been studied; the asymmetric hydrogenation of carbon-carbon double bonds using N,P-ligated iridium catalysts and the metal-catalyzed transfer of small molecules from biomass to synthetic intermediates. LÄS MER