Kvinnokamp : Synen på underordning och motstånd i den nya kvinnorörelsen
Sammanfattning: This thesis analyses ideological positions in the new women’s movement during the 1970s. Three key concepts are central in the study: oppression, struggle and liberation. Questions in focus are: what were the conceptions of power relations between men and women in the movement? Which mechanisms were seen to uphold the oppression of women? Which strategies were suggested to fight the oppression? How was the oppression thought to be ended?Influenced by sociologists Ron Eyerman and Andrew Jamison this thesis analyzes the new women’s movement as a collective learning process. Knowledge was considered to be crucial in the fight for women’s liberation and the theoretical interest in understanding why and how women were oppressed was strong. The production of ideology that took place within the new women’s movement can therefore be regarded and described in terms of knowledge.Three dominant ideological positions are analysed: the socialist feminist project, the women’s culture project and the lesbian feminist projects. The knowledge produced within these three projects highlight different aspects of the oppression of women and come up with different answers on how to fight it.The socialist feminist project deals with the relationship between gender and class. Questions concerning the relation between the oppression of women and capitalism as well as the relation between women’s struggle and class struggle are central. The women’s culture project evolved in the latter half of the 1970s and concerned questions on the male norm. It also contained strong elements of identity politics. The lesbian feminist project directed attention to the relationship between heterosexuality and oppression as well as between lesbianism and women’s liberation.
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