Sökning: "exposure in vivo"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 374 avhandlingar innehållade orden exposure in vivo.

  1. 1. Development of Methods for Assessing Unbound Drug Exposure in the Brain : In vivo, in vitro and in silico

    Författare :Markus Fridén; Margareta Hammarlund-Udenaes; Ulf Bredberg; Yuichi Sugiyama; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Blood-brain barrier; Drug transport; Tissue distribution; Transporters; Pharmacokinetics; Other pharmacy; Övrig farmaci; Biopharmacy; Biofarmaci; Pharmaceutical pharmacology; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Pharmacokinetics and Drug Therapy; Farmakokinetik och läkemedelsterapi;

    Sammanfattning : The blood-brain barrier is formed by tightly joined capillary cells with transporter proteins and acts as to regulate the brain concentration of nutrients as well as many drugs. When developing central nervous system drugs it is necessary to measure the unbound drug concentration in the brain, i.e. the unbound brain exposure. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Engineered nanomaterials in in vivo and in vitro models

    Författare :Laura Abariute; NanoLund; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; III-V semiconductor nanowires; Nanoparticle exposure; Mouse exposure; Cell exposure; Nanotoxicology; Nanosafety; Fysicumarkivet A:2018:Abariute;

    Sammanfattning : Nanotechnology and engineered nanomaterials (ENM) empower existing technologies. One of the great examples are III-V semiconductor nanowires (NW), which have a broad application range. The occupational safety and hazard organizations draw attention to ENM, as their physical and chemical characteristics differ from the ones of bulk materials. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Stuck in mind : the role of catastrophizing in pain

    Författare :Ida K. Flink; Steven Linton; Johan Vlaeyen; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; catastrophizing; pain; fear avoidance; problem solving; Psykologi; Psychology;

    Sammanfattning : Pain catastrophizing emerges in the literature as one of the most important psychological determinants of both pain itself and the negative outcomes commonly associated with it. However, despite decades of research confirming the impact of catastrophizing, there are still areas that remain unexplored or in which the surface has only been scratched. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Investigation and Prediction of Small Intestinal Precipitation of Poorly Soluble Drugs : a Study Involving in silico, in vitro and in vivo Assessment

    Författare :Sara Carlert; Hans Lennernäs; Bertil Abrahamsson; Patrick Augustijns; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; gastrointestinal precipitation; crystallization; crystal nucleation; crystal growth; classical nucleation theory; poorly soluble drugs; drug absorption; biopharmaceutics classification system; in vitro in vivo correlations IVIVC ; in silico prediction; human intestinal fluid; dog intestinal fluid; simulated intestinal fluid; Biofarmaci; Biopharmaceutics;

    Sammanfattning : The main objectives of the present project were to increase the understanding of small intestinal precipitation of poorly soluble pharmaceutical drugs, investigate occurrence of crystalline small intestinal precipitation and effects of precipitation on absorption. The aim was to create and evaluate methods of predicting crystalline small intestinal drug precipitation using in vivo, in vitro and in silico models. LÄS MER

  5. 5. β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA)-induced neurotoxicity : Studies in vitro and in vivo

    Författare :Lisa Ersson; Malin Andersson; Eva B Brittebo; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; BMAA; neurotoxin; neurodegeneration; cellular transport; metabolic profiling; protein-association; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Pharmaceutical Science;

    Sammanfattning : β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) is a neurotoxic non-proteinogenic amino acid produced naturally by cyanobacteria, diatoms and dinoflagellates and it has been detected in samples from fresh and marine water from all over the world. It can bioaccumulate in fish and shellfish, and has a potential to biomagnify in a terrestrial food chain. LÄS MER