Sökning: "embryonic cardiac arrhythmia"

Hittade 3 avhandlingar innehållade orden embryonic cardiac arrhythmia.

  1. 1. Teratogenicity as a consequence of drug-induced embryonic cardiac arrhythmia : Common mechanism for almokalant, sotalol, cisapride, and phenytoin via inhibition of IKr

    Författare :Anna-Carin Sköld; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical biosciences; IKr; delayed rectifying K channel; embryonic cardiac arrhythmia; teratogenicity; Farmaceutisk biovetenskap; Biopharmacy; Biofarmaci; Toxicology; toxikologi;

    Sammanfattning : During the last years, drugs that prolong the repolarisation phase of the myocardial action potential, due to inhibition of the rapid component of the delayed-rectifying potassium channel (IKr) have been in focus. In addition to arrhythmogenic potential, selective Ikr-blockers have also been shown to be embryotoxic and teratogenic in animal studies. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Role of the hERG-channel in arrhythmia and teratogenicity. Studies in animal models and the human embryonic heart

    Författare :Christian Danielsson; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Drugs that inhibit cardiac repolarization are associated with potentially life threatening side effects in the form of ventricular arrhythmias in humans. Animal studies show that this mechanism also is relevant for the embryo, and that the circulatory depression results in hypoxia with embryotoxicity in the form of malformations and death as a consequence. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Assessment of Drug-Induced Cardiotoxicity during Rat Embryo Development

    Författare :Mats Nilsson; William S. Webster; Nigel A. Brown; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : The potassium ion channel (hERG/IKr) is important for normal heart function and drug-induced blockade of the channel in adult humans can lead to irregular heart rhythms (arrhythmia).  The ion channel is also essential for early cardiac function in the embryo and therapeutic drugs which block this channel have been shown to cause birth defects in animal studies. LÄS MER