Sökning: "detailed mechanism"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 369 avhandlingar innehållade orden detailed mechanism.

  1. 1. Homogeneous Ignition - Chemical Kinetic Studies for IC-Engine Applications

    Författare :Per Amnéus; Förbränningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Skeletal mechanism; Mechanism reduction; n-heptane; iso-octane; formaldehyde; methane; Motors and propulsion systems; Motorer; framdrivningssystem; Physics; Fysik; Detailed chemistry; Kinetic calculations; Engine knock; Homogeneous charge compression ignition; HCCI; Fysicumarkivet A:2002:Amnéus;

    Sammanfattning : Calculations on a Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engine have been performed. Zero-dimensional models were used. The simplest model compressed the gas to auto-ignition, using temperature and pressure at a certain crank angle position obtained from engine experiments. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Micro-reaction Mechanism Study of the Biomass Thermal Conversion Process using Density Functional Theory

    Författare :Xiaolei Zhang; Weihong Yang; Linda J. Broadbelt; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; biomass thermal conversion; cellulose pyrolysis; char steam gasification; adsorption; interaction; mechanism; quantum chemistry; density functional theory;

    Sammanfattning : Biomass, or bio-energy, is one of the most important alternative energies because of environmental concerns and the future shortage of fossil fuels. Multi-scaled bioenergy studies have been performed in the division of Energy and Furnace Technology, which included studies of macroscopic systems such as systems and reactors, modeling of computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and atomic/molecular level studies. LÄS MER

  3. 3. A Detailed Modeling Study for Primary Reference Fuels and Fuel Mixtures and Their Use in Engineering Applications

    Författare :Syed Ahmed; Förbränningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Teknik; Detailed mechanism; Lumping procedure; Reduction technique.; Technological sciences; Fuel blends; n-heptane; Primary Reference Fuels PRF ; Toulene; iso-octane;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this work is to generate detailed and simplified kinetic models for the oxidation of the Primary Reference Fuels (PRF) n-heptane, iso-octane and their mixtures, with low numbers of species and reactions. These mechanisms are consistent in terms of the choice of kinetic parameters for the different reaction classes. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Biodiesel Spray Combustion Modeling Based on a Detailed Chemistry Approach

    Författare :Junfeng Yang; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Reduction and Validation; Spray Characteristics; Detailed Chemistry; Biodiesel;

    Sammanfattning : Replacing conventional diesel fuels with biodiesel has the potential to drastically reduce engine-out emissions of soot, carbon monoxide, and total unburnt hydrocarbons, at the cost of slightly increased nitrogen oxide emissions. However, to realize the full benefits of using biofuels in this way, there is a need for theoretical models describing their combustion in internal combustion engines. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Quantum Chemical Studies of Enzymatic Reaction Mechanisms

    Författare :Bianca Manta; Fahmi Himo; Lubomir Rulisek; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; density functional theory; B3LYP; enzyme; cluster approach; mechanism; zinc; manganese; cytosine deaminase; ω-transaminase; dinitrogenase reductase-activating glycohydrolase; dual substrate recognition; Organic Chemistry; organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Computer modeling of enzymes is a valuable complement to experiments. Quantum chemical studies of enzymatic reactions can provide a detailed description of the reaction mechanism and elucidate the roles of various residues in the active site. LÄS MER