Sökning: "Silene"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 24 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Silene.

  1. 1. Systematics in Sileneae (Caryophyllaceae) – Taxonomy and Phylogenetic patterns

    Författare :Frida Eggens; Bengt Oxelman; Magnus Lidén; Susan R. Kephart; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Sileneae; Silene; RNAP; psbE-petG; ITS; rps16; relative dating; Rigidulae; Heliosperma; Arenosae; phylogeny; homoploid reticulate evolution; Silene linearis Decne.; Silene polyphylla L.; Hawaiian Silene; Systematics and phylogenetics; Systematik och fylogeni;

    Sammanfattning : The focus for the first part of the thesis is on the systematics of species belonging to Silene subgenus Silene. Phylogenetic relationships are inferred from DNA sequences from both the plastid (the rps16 intron) and the nuclear (ITS, intron of the RPB2 gene) genomes. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Mechanisms of speciation in Silene

    Författare :Xiaodong Liu; Sophie Karrenberg; Alex Buerkle; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :speciation; reproductive isolation; Silene; ddRAD-seq; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Genetics; Biologi med inriktning mot evolutionär genetik;

    Sammanfattning : A fundamental question in the field of evolutionary biology is how new species originate. Investigating speciation benefits from an integrated approach, which requires a solid understanding of ecology, reproductive biology, geographical distribution, underlying genetic architecture of reproductive isolation (RI), demographic history and genomic divergence. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Phylogenetic Relationships of Silene sect. Melandrium and Allied Taxa (Caryophyllaceae), as Deduced from Multiple Gene Trees

    Författare :Anja Rautenberg; Bengt Oxelman; Mikael Thollesson; Magnus Lidén; Freek Bakker; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Silene; Elisanthe; Melandrium; Conoimorpha; Caryophyllaceae; Silene multinervia; relative dating; extreme substitution rates; phylogeny; BEST; BEAST; cpDNA; mtDNA; RNA polymerase; RPA2; RPB2; RPD2; SlX1; SlY1; ITS; introgression; incongruent phylogenies; chromosome count; coalescent; Bayes Factors; Systematics and phylogenetics; Systematik och fylogeni; systematisk botanik; Systematic Botany;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on phylogenetic relationships among some of the major lineages in Silene subgenus Behenantha (Caryophyllaceae) using DNA sequences from multiple, potentially unlinked gene regions from a large taxonomic and geographic sample. Both traditional phylogenetic analyses and a strategy to infer species trees and gene trees in a joint approach are used. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Patterns of geographic variation in Silene section Elisanthe (Caryophyllaceae): hybridization and migrational history

    Författare :Louise Hathaway; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; chemotaxonomy. Physiology of nonvascular plants; phytogeography; morphology; outbreeding depression; Systematic botany; taxonomy; ITS; fitnes; inbreeding depression; AFLP; PCR-RFLP; cpDNA; gene flow; postglacial migration; geographic variation; hybridization; Silene latifolia; Silene section Elisanthe; Silene dioica; Systematisk botanik; taxonomi; morfologi; kemotaxonomi. Växters fysiologi inte kärlväxter .;

    Sammanfattning : Large-scale patterns of genetic variation in chloroplast (cp) and nuclear DNA in the widespread European herb species Silene latifolia and S. dioica were investigated using cpPCR-RFLPs, non-coding cpDNA sequences, AFLPs and sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Disentangling the Reticulate History of Polyploids in Silene (Caryophyllaceae)

    Författare :Magnus Popp; Bengt Oxelman; Magnus Lidén; Jeff J. Doyle; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Biology; Silene; Sileneae; polyploidy; low copy nuclear DNA; RNA polymerase; RPA2; RPB2; RPD2; internal transcribed spacer; rps16; psbE-petL; concerted evolution; reticulate evolution; lineage sorting; Biologi; Biology; Biologi;

    Sammanfattning : DNA sequences from the rps16 intron and the psbE-petL spacer from the chloroplast genome, the ribosomal nuclear ITS region, and introns from the low copy nuclear genes RPA2, RPB2, RPD2a and RPD2b, are in different combinations used to infer phylogenetic relationships in Sileneae (Caryophyllaceae). Used in concert, the biparentally inherited nuclear regions are useful to distinguish between paralogy due to allopolyploidy and single gene duplications, respectively, because the latter are not expected to give rise to repeated phylogenetic patterns in potentially unlinked sequence regions. LÄS MER