Sökning: "hybridization"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 560 avhandlingar innehållade ordet hybridization.

  1. 1. Evolution of asexuality in insects : Polyploidy, hybridization and geographical parthenogenesis

    Författare :Magnus Lundmark; Anssi Saura; Anders Nilsson; Davis Parker; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Molecular genetics; weevils; geographical parthenogenesis; hybridization; polyploidy; Genetik; Otiorhynchus; Genetics; genetik;

    Sammanfattning : Asexual reproduction and polyploidy are relatively rare in animals with chromosomal sex determination and always represent a derived condition. To accomplish asexual reproduction several changes in gene expression are required in the mechanism of oogenesis. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Hybridization and Evolution in the Genus Pinus

    Författare :Baosheng Wang; Xiao-Ru Wang; Sally Aitken; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Adaptation; biogeography; coalescent simulation; cytoplasmic genome; demographic history; genetic diversity; hybridization; migration; Pinus; population structure; selection; speciation; evolutionär genetik; evolutionary genetics;

    Sammanfattning : Gene flow and hybridization are pervasive in nature, and can lead to different evolutionary outcomes. They can either accelerate divergence and promote speciation or reverse differentiation. The process of divergence and speciation are strongly influenced by both neutral and selective forces. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Biosensor technology applied to hybridization analysis and mutation detection

    Författare :Peter Nilsson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; biosensor; genosensor; surface plasmon resonance; hybridization; nucleic acids; oligonucleotide; mutation detection; mismatch discrimination; modular; Bioengineering; Bioteknik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis demonstrates the application of biosensor technology for molecular biology investigations, utilizing a surface plasmon resonance based optical device for mass sensitive detection of biomolecular interactions at a chipsurface. Oligonucleotide model systems were designed for analysis of the action of DNA manipulating enzymes. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Genetic variation, polyploidy and hybridization in Scandinavian Anthericum ramosum and A. liliago (Anthericaceae)

    Författare :Gabrielle Rosquist; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Systematic botany; inbreeding depression; gene flow; introgression; hybridization; morphology; isozyme; allozyme; allele frequencies; population fragmentation; genetic diversity; geographic variation; Anthericum; Allopolyploidy; taxonomy; phytogeography; chemotaxonomy. Physiology of nonvascular plants; Systematisk botanik; taxonomi; morfologi; kemotaxonomi. Växters fysiologi inte kärlväxter .;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, I investigate the differences in breeding system, levels of genetic variation and hierarchical structure of genetic diversity between Anthericum ramosum and A. liliago. The two species differ in ploidy level and flowering time, but have similar habitat preferences, reproductive biology and geographic distributions in Scandinavia. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Patterns of geographic variation in Silene section Elisanthe (Caryophyllaceae): hybridization and migrational history

    Författare :Louise Hathaway; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; chemotaxonomy. Physiology of nonvascular plants; phytogeography; morphology; outbreeding depression; Systematic botany; taxonomy; ITS; fitnes; inbreeding depression; AFLP; PCR-RFLP; cpDNA; gene flow; postglacial migration; geographic variation; hybridization; Silene latifolia; Silene section Elisanthe; Silene dioica; Systematisk botanik; taxonomi; morfologi; kemotaxonomi. Växters fysiologi inte kärlväxter .;

    Sammanfattning : Large-scale patterns of genetic variation in chloroplast (cp) and nuclear DNA in the widespread European herb species Silene latifolia and S. dioica were investigated using cpPCR-RFLPs, non-coding cpDNA sequences, AFLPs and sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA). LÄS MER