Sökning: "NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Theoretical chemistry"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 449 avhandlingar innehållade orden NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Theoretical chemistry.
Sammanfattning : In this thesis H-bonded systems (natural gas hydrates, water clusters, and crystal ice) are studied by density functional theory (DFT) computations.Natural gas hydrates (NGHs) play an important role in energy and environmental fields: NGHs are considered as a promising backup energy resource in the near-future due to their tremendous carbon content; improper exploration of NGHs could induce geological disasters and aggravate the greenhouse effect. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : The chemical bond – a corner stone in science and a prerequisite for life – is the focus of this thesis. Fundamental and applied aspects of chemical bonding are covered including the development of new computational methods for the characterization and rationalization of chemical interactions. LÄS MER
3. The Electronic Structure of Organic Molecular Materials : Theoretical and Spectroscopic Investigations
Sammanfattning : In the present thesis the electronic properties of two organic molecules were studied by means of density functional theory (DFT) in connection to their possible applications in organic photovoltaics and molecular spintronics respectively.The first analysed system is the C60 derivative PCBM extensively used in polymer solar cells for the charge separation process. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Biomimetic chemistry is directed towards the simulation of enzymatic reactivity with synthetic analogues. In this thesis a quantum chemical method has been employed to study the mechanism of highly reactive iron-oxo complexes involved in oxygenation and chlorination of organic substrates. LÄS MER
5. 5-Aminolevulinic acid and derivatives thereof : properties, lipid permeability and enzymatic reactions
Sammanfattning : 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and derivatives thereof are widely usedprodrugs in treatment of pre-malignant skin diseases of the cancer treatmentmethod photodynamic therapy (PDT). The target molecule in 5-ALAPDTis protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), which is synthesized endogenously from5-ALA via the heme pathway in the cell. LÄS MER