C5a Receptor Expression in Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock
Sammanfattning: In patients with sepsis, the activation of the cascade systems, for example the complement system with the generation of C5a, is followed by a state of immunosuppression with impaired bactericidal capacity caused by suppression of the neutrophil granulocytes. To inhibit the C5a-induced systemic inflammatory and the following anti-inflammatory responses, different anti-C5a strategies have been successful in experimental models of sepsis. In animals and in healthy volunteers after injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an up-regulation of the C5a receptor (C5aR) has been reported. Before designing clinical studies, it was of importance to increase the knowledge of C5a and C5aR regulation in humans. At the time when the diagnosis of severe sepsis or septic shock can be established clinically, granulocyte C5aR expression, analysed by flow cytometer, was shown to be reduced, whereas monocyte C5aR expression was unchanged. There was a correlation between granulocyte C5aR expression and the severity of disease, as measured by the APACHE II score. Ex vivo incubation of whole blood with LPS resulted in a reduction in granulocyte C5aR expression. Such a reduction was not found in isolated cells, indicating that the effect was mediated via plasma factors, such as C5a, IL-8 and TNF-? which all were shown to reduce C5aR expression ex vivo.Although there was a trend between chemotaxis, as measured by migration in a modified Boyden chamber, and C5aR expression on granulocytes from patients with severe sepsis or septic shock or from healthy individuals, the correlation failed to reach statistical significance.It is concluded that granulocyte C5aR expression is affected by several plasma factors and that a reduction is clinically evident at the time of the sepsis diagnosis. Reduced granulocyte C5aR expression is associated with an impaired chemotaxis but does not alone limit the chemotactic response.
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