Sökning: "proton dynamics"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 86 avhandlingar innehållade orden proton dynamics.
Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Hydrogen fuel cells represent one of the most promising sustainable technologies for energy conversion. The advantages of the combination of a solid state electrolyteand low operational temperatures (... LÄS MER
3. Neutron scattering for sustainable energy materials: investigations of proton dynamics in acceptor doped barium zirconates
Sammanfattning : Proton conducting oxides are currently receiving considerable attention for their present or potential use as electrolytes in technological devices such as sensors and electrolysers and, in particular, solid oxide fuel cells, which are among the most promising apparatuses for energy conversion. One of the main challenges for these latter devices is to combine the advantages of a solid electrolyte with those of operational temperatures below 750 °C, which is currently hampered by insufficient conductivities in the targeted temperature range. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Transition metal oxides with the perovskite structure exhibit a vast number of exotic properties due to the large number of competing degrees of freedom at the Fermi surface. Together with couplings between and correlations within these degrees of freedom, this class of materials is of high interest from both a practical and theoretical point of view. LÄS MER
5. Fingerprints of light-induced molecular transients : from quantum chemical models of ultrafast x-ray spectroscopy
Sammanfattning : Absorption of sunlight generates renewable electricity and powers the growth of plants, but also causes severe damage both to synthetic materials and biological tissue. The wildly varying outcomes of these light-induced processes are ultimately determined by much slighter differences in their underlying reaction pathways, induced by the transient properties of short-lived and miniscule molecules; a powerful approach to their detection and characterization is offered by ultrafast x-ray spectroscopy, with identification of spectral fingerprints and further guidance from quantum chemical models. LÄS MER