Sökning: "QENS"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 6 avhandlingar innehållade ordet QENS.

  1. 1. The Role of Sugars for Protein Stabilization

    Detta är en avhandling från ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Författare :Christoffer Olsson; [2018]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; protein; water; QENS; biomolecule; EPSR; amorphous; trehalose; neutron scattering; cryopreservation; DSC; neutron diffraction; dielectric spectroscopy;

    Sammanfattning : The understanding of biomolecular interactions with water and co-solutes can lead to greater knowledge regarding the mechanisms behind biomolecular stabilization. This is highly important for developing technologies aimed to preserve biological materials. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Dynamics of biological membranes and associated water

    Detta är en avhandling från ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Författare :Peter Berntsen; [2008]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; dielectric spectroscopy; phase transition; glass transition; DSC; lipid bilayers; lipid dynamics; water dynamics; purple membrane; diffusion; polarisation; QENS.; relaxation; long-range conductivity;

    Sammanfattning : An ingenious assembly of biomolecules and water constitute what we call biological tissue. The presence of water in this assembly is fundamental for the physiological processes and can make the difference between life and death. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Neutron scattering for sustainable energy materials: investigations of proton dynamics in acceptor doped barium zirconates

    Detta är en avhandling från ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Författare :Daria Noferini; [2018]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; neutron scattering; fuel cells; QENS; Proton conductors; perovskites; proton dynamics; energy materials;

    Sammanfattning : Proton conducting oxides are currently receiving considerable attention for their present or potential use as electrolytes in technological devices such as sensors and electrolysers and, in particular, solid oxide fuel cells, which are among the most promising apparatuses for energy conversion. One of the main challenges for these latter devices is to combine the advantages of a solid electrolyte with those of operational temperatures below 750 °C, which is currently hampered by insufficient conductivities in the targeted temperature range. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Neutron scattering investigations of proton dynamics in acceptor doped barium zirconates

    Detta är en avhandling från ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Författare :Daria Noferini; [2016]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; fuel cells; energy materials; Proton conductors; neutron scattering; QENS; proton dynamics; perovskites;

    Sammanfattning : Hydrogen fuel cells represent one of the most promising sustainable technologies for energy conversion. The advantages of the combination of a solid state electrolyteand low operational temperatures (... LÄS MER

  5. 5. Structure-dynamics relationships in perovskite oxyhydrides and alkali silanides

    Detta är en avhandling från ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Författare :Carin Eklöf-Österberg; [2019]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; hydrogen storage material; long range diffusion; oxyhydride; neutron scattering; localized motion; hydride ion conduction; hydrogen dynamics;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on investigations of the local structure and dynamics of two classes of hydrogen-containing, energy relevant, materials; perovskite type oxyhydrides BaTiO3-xHx and alkali silanides ASiH3 (A = K and Rb). In the area of oxyhydrides, which are of relevance for the development of electrolytes in fuel cells and batteries, the aim is to elucidate the dynamics and electronic character of the hydrogen species in the materials. LÄS MER