Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 910 avhandlingar innehållade ordet RELAXATION.

  1. 1. Relaxation in constraint satisfaction problems

    Författare :Pontus Svenson; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; computational complexity; spin glasses; graph colouring; NP-completeness; relaxation; boolean satisfiability;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  2. 2. Water and protein solutions studied by field-dependent magnetic relaxation

    Författare :Kristofer Modig; Biofysikalisk kemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; relaxation; protein solvation; protein dynamics; protein denaturation; oxytocin; magnetic relaxation dispersion; nuclear magnetic resonance; lipid-binding protein; hydration; beta-lactoglobulin; BPTI; shielding anisotropy; water; Molecular biophysics; Molekylär biofysik;

    Sammanfattning : In the work presented, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation is used to study wide range of systems. The thesis concerns solvent interactions studied with relaxation techniques that involve measurements at many fields, which allows the separation of individual relaxation mechanisms. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Theory of water-proton spin relaxation in complex biological systems

    Författare :Zhiwei Chang; Biofysikalisk kemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; spin relaxation theory; immobilized macromolecules; magnetic relaxation dispersion; integral longitudinal relaxation rate; stochastic Liouville equations; multi-spin systems; cross-mode relaxation; spectral density functions;

    Sammanfattning : In complex biological systems (e.g. gels, cross-linked proteins and biological tissues), the longitudinal spin relaxation of water protons is primarily induced by exchange-mediated orientational randomization (EMOR) of intra- and intermolecular magnetic dipole-dipole couplings. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Zero-Field Splitting in Gd(III) complexes : Towards a molecular understanding of paramagnetic relaxation

    Författare :Shehryar Khan; Michael Odelius; Arnold Maliniak; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Zero-Field Splitting; Relaxation; Quantum Chemistry; Molecular Dynamics; Gd III ; kemisk fysik; Chemical Physics;

    Sammanfattning : The prime objectives of contrast agents in Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI) is to accelerate the relaxation rate of the solvent water protons in the surrounding tissue. Paramagnetic relaxation originates from dipole-dipole interactions between the nuclear spins and the fluctuating magnetic field induced by unpaired electrons. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Probing Dynamics of Oligosaccharides by Interference Phenomena in NMR Relaxation

    Författare :Leila Ghalebani; Jozef Kowalewski; Norbert Mueller; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; NMR; sugars; oligosaccharides; carbon-13 relaxation; cross-correlated relaxation; molecular dynamics; internal motion; random jumps; PRE; paramagnetic relaxation; Chemistry; Kemi; fysikalisk kemi; Physical Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Oligosaccharides (carbohydrates) are a large class of biological molecules that are important as energy sources in the human body and have enormously varied biological functions. It is generally believed that biological activities of carbohydrates are related to their internal dynamics. LÄS MER