Sökning: "cancer"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 4781 avhandlingar innehållade ordet cancer.

  1. 1. Risk and survival for colorectal cancer in northern Sweden : sociodemographic factors and surveillance programs

    Författare :Olle Sjöström; Beatrice S. Melin; Lars H Lindholm; Richard Palmqvist; Johannes Blom; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Colorectal cancer; Risk factors; Cancer epidemiology; Endoscopy general; Health economy; Cancer prevention; Hereditary colorectal; Surveillance colonoscopy; Cancer Epidemiology; cancerepidemiologi; Genetics; genetik; Surgery; kirurgi; Oncology; onkologi;

    Sammanfattning : BackgroundColorectal cancer (CRC) – i.e., cancer in the colon or rectum – is one of the most common cancers both globally and in Sweden. The risk for CRC is mainly related to age, heredity, and life-style risk factors. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Chemoradiation in Gastrointestinal Cancer

    Författare :Adalsteinn Gunnlaugsson; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Biliary tract cancer; capecitabine; cholangiocarcinoma; chemoradiation; colon cancer; enteritis 5-fluorouracil; gallbladder cancer; oxaliplatin; pancreatic cancer; rectal cancer.;

    Sammanfattning : Locally advanced inextirpable gastrointestinal cancer has poor prognosis and is associated with high morbidity. One treatment option is to use radiotherapy, often combined with chemotherapy (chemoradiation), either as preoperative treatment to facilitate surgery or in the palliative setting to relieve symptoms. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer - Molecular Genetics and Biology of Associated Tumors

    Författare :Maria Planck; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; endometrial cancer; rectal cancer; colon cancer; mismatch repair protein expression; coding repeats; microsatellite instability; MSH6; MSH2; Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer; MLH1; small bowel cancer; Cytology; oncology; cancerology; Cytologi; onkologi; cancer;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on one of the most common types of hereditary cancer, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). This syndrome is characterized by an autosomal dominant inheritance, an increased risk for several types of cancer (especially cancer of the colorectum, small bowel, endometrium, ovary and urinary tract), early age at diagnosis, and frequent development of multiple primary malignancies. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Quiescent cancer cells : Three-dimensional cell models for evaluation of new therapeutics

    Författare :Frida Ek; Mårten Fryknäs; Malin Jarvius; Rolf Larsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cancer; cancer cell quiescence; dormancy; three-dimensional; multicellular tumor spheroids; model development; cancer pharmacology; mitochondria; OXPHOS; colorectal carcinoma; hepatocellular carcinoma; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Sammanfattning : Inadequate metabolic conditions in solid tumors lead to the formation of quiescent cancer cells that are suspended in a transient cell cycle arrest. When conditions change, quiescent cancer cells can re-enter the cell cycle and cause recurrence. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Prostate cancer : epidemiological studies of risk factors

    Författare :Camilla Thellenberg Karlsson; Beatrice Malmer; Henrik Grönberg; Anders Bergh; Peter Iversen; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Prostate cancer; epidemiology; SNP; BRCA2; male breast cancer; inflammation; BPH; P53; Oncology; Onkologi;

    Sammanfattning : In spite of the fact that prostate cancer is the most common male cancer in both Sweden and many other countries in the developed world, little is known of risk factors and predisposing conditions. The only well recognized risk factors are age, race and familial aggregation. LÄS MER