Sökning: "herbivory"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 64 avhandlingar innehållade ordet herbivory.

  1. 1. Light, stress and herbivory : from photoprotection to trophic interactions using Arabidopsis thaliana as a model organism

    Författare :Martin Frenkel; Jon Moen; Stefan Jansson; Don Cipollini; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Arabidopsis thaliana; photoprotection; herbivory; light-stress; jasmonate; fitness; FDE; dual-choice; Biology; Biologi;

    Sammanfattning : Photosynthesis is the most important process for nearly all life on earth. Photosynthetic organisms capture and transfer light energy from the sun into chemical energy which in turn provides a resource base for heterotrophic organisms. Natural light regimes are irregular and vary over magnitudes. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Ecology and Evolution of Resistance to Herbivory : Trichome Production in Arabidopsis lyrata

    Författare :Geir Løe; Jon Ågren; Kari Lehtilä; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Biology; Plant-animal interactions; herbivory; trichomes; plant resistance; plant defense; divergent selection; local adaptation; GLABROUS1; evolution; matrix population models; LTRE; Biologi; Biology; Biologi;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, I examine variation in occurrence and performance of glabrous and trichome-producing plants of the perennial herb Arabidopsis lyrata. I combine field studies and genetic analysis to (1) examine the function of trichomes as a resistance character in natural populations, (2) compare the magnitude of population differentiation in trichome-production and at putatively neutral marker loci, (3) examine the molecular genetic basis of trichome-production, and (4) quantify the effects of herbivore removal on population growth and relative performance of glabrous and trichome-producing plants. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Waterfowl herbivory on submerged macrophytes in eutrophic lakes

    Författare :Håkan Sandsten; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; limnology; Marinbiologi; limnologi; Hydrobiology; Växtekologi; Plant ecology; akvatisk ekologi; Djurekologi; Animal ecology; Anas; Fulica atra; Cygnus; alternative stable states; water depth; distribution; plant species composition; hydrophytes; propagule size; Herbivory; tuber; Potamogeton; marine biology; aquatic ecology;

    Sammanfattning : Submerged macrophytes are thought to stabilize clear-water states of shallow lakes. The aim of this thesis was to elucidate how waterfowl herbivory can affect abundance, distribution and species composition of submerged macrophytes in eutrophic lakes. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Effects of herbivory on arctic and alpine vegetation

    Författare :Åsa Lindgren; Ove Eriksson; Jon Moen; Anders Angerbjörn; Ingibjörg S Jónsdóttir; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; herbivory; reindeer; rodents; functional traits; plant species composition; arctic; alpine; tundra; seed limitation; Carex bigelowii; Biology; Biologi; Plant Ecology; växtekologi;

    Sammanfattning : The distribution of plant species and functional traits in alpine and arctic environments are determined by abiotic conditions, but also by biotic interactions. In this thesis, I investigate interactions among plants and herbivory effects on plant community composition and plant functional traits in three different regions: Swedish Lapland, Beringia (USA/Russia) and Finnmark (Norway). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Biogeochemistry in Subarctic birch forests : Perspectives on insect herbivory

    Författare :Jeppe Ågård Kristensen; MERGE: ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biogeochemistry; Aboveground-belowground interactions; Herbivory; Insects; Subarctic; Birch; soil microbes;

    Sammanfattning : Herbivory can influence ecosystem processes, partly through long-term changes of the plant community compositions, but also more rapidly through the herbivores’ digestive alteration of the organic matter that is cycled through the soil and back to the primary producers. In the Subarctic mountain birch (Betula pubescens ssp. LÄS MER