Sökning: "In Vivo Bone Response"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 87 avhandlingar innehållade orden In Vivo Bone Response.

  1. 1. Human embryonic stem cells for bone engineering applications

    Författare :Giuseppe Maria de Peppo; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Human skeleton; bone; bone defects; bone regeneration; regenerative medicine; tissue engineering; biomaterials; scaffold; biocoral; titanium; osseointegration bioreactor; human stem cells; embryonic stem cells; mesenchymal stem cells; embryonic-derived progenitors; osteogenic differentiation; mineralization; immune response; in vitro; in vivo;

    Sammanfattning : The human skeleton represents the supporting structure of the organism and accounts for about 20 percent of the total body mass. Despite its intrinsic capacity to regenerate and self-repair, this ability is limited and repair therapies are needed in a large number of clinical cases. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Mechanisms of Osseointegration: Experimental Studies on Early Cellular and Molecular Events in vivo

    Författare :Omar Omar; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Osseointegration; titanium; bone; gene expression; bone-implant interface; qPCR; inflammation; cytokine; chemotaxis; chemokine; integrin; bone formation; remodeling; in vivo; rat; immunohistochemistry; ultrastructure; biomechanical torque test;

    Sammanfattning : The early cellular and molecular activities determining the early tissue response and bone formation at bone/implant interface are not fully understood. The general aim of the current thesis was to develop a model for studying the early molecular and cellular activities in different bone types, and in response to different implant surface properties. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Osteocytes as indicators of bone quality - multiscale structure-composition characterisation of the bone-implant interface

    Författare :Furqan A. Shah; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; 3D printing; apatite; biomaterials; biomineralisation; bone; bone quality; canaliculi; CoCr; collagen; electron beam melting; electron microscopy; implant; interface; in vivo; lacuna; micropetrosis; osseointegration; osteocyte; Raman spectroscopy; surface modification; Ti6Al4V; titanium; ultrastructure; whitlockite;

    Sammanfattning : By virtue of certain design features, bone anchored metal implants can be made to elicit a strong initial osteogenic response, i.e., the amount of bone formed. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Vitamin A and Bone: Studies in vivo and in vitro

    Författare :Vikte Lionikaite; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; vitamin A; retinol; osteoclasts; osteoblasts; cortical bone; osteoporosis;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Excess vitamin A is associated with decreased cortical bone and increased risk of fractures in humans. The aim of the present thesis was to assess the importance of vitamin A on the skeleton and bone cells in in vivo animal studies and mechanistic in vitro experiments. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Mechanisms in Tendon Healing : Pain, Biomarkers and the Role of Mast Cells

    Författare :Abdul Alim; Magnus Peterson; Gunnar Pejler; Per Kristiansson; Paul W. Ackermann; Gustav Andersson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Tendon Healing; Pain; Biomarkers; Mast Cells; Inflammation; Microdialysis; Neurotransmitters; Glutamate Receptors; Procollagen; Transcriptional factors; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär immunologi; Biology with specialization in Molecular Immunology; Biology with specialization in Molecular Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylärbiologi; Neuroscience; Neurovetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Tendon injuries and tendinopathy are common disorders, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. The overall aim of this thesis was to better understand the mechanisms underlying tendon healing, pain, and inflammation. LÄS MER