Sökning: "gut microbiota"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 92 avhandlingar innehållade orden gut microbiota.

  1. 1. Development and dynamics of the normal gut microbiota

    Författare :Lisa M. Olsson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :dynamics; ecology; gut microbiome; gut microbiota development; microbiota; richness; Prader-Willi Syndrome; stability; variation;

    Sammanfattning : Altered gut microbiota configurations have been linked to human diseases. To identify mechanistic links between altered gut microbiota and disease states, definitions of the healthy gut microbiota need to be established. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Gut microbiota, its modifications and the gut-brain axis

    Författare :Julia Rode; Robert Jan Brummer; Julia König; Mirjana Rajilic-Stojanovic; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; gut microbiota; gut-brain axis; faecal microbiota transfer; probiotics; butyratFunctional magnetic resonance imaging; mental health; collagenous colitis;

    Sammanfattning : The human intestinal microbiota has a major impact on host physiology and might play an important role in several diseases. Therapeutic interventions aimed at modifying the gut microbiota might exert their effects locally as well as systemically, for example via the gut-brain axis, a bidirectional communication system. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Gut microbiota to counteract metabolic disorders and neuroinflammation : Impact of dietary factors and their potential to prevent Alzheimer’s disease

    Författare :Nittaya Marungruang; Institutionen för livsmedelsteknik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Alzheimer’s disease; gut microbiota; metabolic disorders; inflammation; neuroinflammation; lingonberries; dietary fibre; gut barrier; blood-brain barrier;

    Sammanfattning : Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. Increased accumulations of senile plaques and tangles are the known neuropathological hallmarks of AD. However, the exact triggers for such protein accumulations, leading to cognitive impairment and important morphological alteration in AD, are still elusive. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Whole grain cereal products and baseline gut microbiota composition in metabolic and appetite regulation in healthy humans - Emphasizing rye and barley

    Författare :Jonna Sandberg; Institutionen för livsmedelsteknik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Obesity; Type 2 Diabetes; Whole grain; Rye; Barley; Gut microbiota; Glucose regulation; Gut fermentation;

    Sammanfattning : The prevalence of obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing continuously worldwide. These metabolic diseases are associated with many health issues, including increased risk of depression and cognitive impairment. Whole grain (WG) has shown potential to prevent obesity, T2D and CVD. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Lactobacilli in the normal microbiota and probiotic effects of Lactobacillus plantarum

    Författare :Elisabeth Lönnermark; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :lactobacillus; oral microbiota; gut microbiota; infants; adults; secretory IgA; IgA-deficiency; adherence; Lactobacillus plantarum; probiotics; antibiotics; salmonellosis; diarrhoea;

    Sammanfattning : Lactobacilli colonise most adult individuals and are also frequently used as probiotics, i.e. bacteria which possibly have health promoting effects when ingested. In this thesis, the intestinal Lactobacillus microbiota was studied in longitudinally followed infants. LÄS MER