Sökning: "β-lactamases"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 9 avhandlingar innehållade ordet β-lactamases.

  1. 1. New antibiotic resistance genes and their diversity

    Författare :Fanny Berglund; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; metagenomics; β-lactamases; hidden Markov model; antibiotic resistance; carbapenemases; big data; tetracycline resistance;

    Sammanfattning : Antibiotic resistance is increasing worldwide and is considered a severe threat to public health. Often, antibiotic resistance is caused by antibiotic resistance genes, of which many are hypothesized to have been transferred into human pathogens from environmental bacteria. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Plasmid mediated antibiotic resistance : with focus on extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)

    Författare :Alma Brolund; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Enterobacteriaceae is a family of bacteria including Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae that are common colonizers of the gastrointestinal tract. Extended spectrum β- lactamases (ESBL) are bacterial enzymes that degrade β-lactam antibiotics and thus make the bacteria resistant to β-lactam antibiotics. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Chromosomal β-lactamases in enterobacteria and in vivo evolution of β-lactam resistance

    Författare :Sven Bergström; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Gram negative bacteria; ß-lactamase genes; divergence of neighbouring cperons; ß-lactamase hyperproduction; evolution of control sequences;

    Sammanfattning : The ß-lactam antibiotics are the most important antibacterial agents in the treatment of infectious diseases. A severe problem in ß-lactam therapy is the emergence of ß-lactam resistant bacteria. Clinical ß-lactam resistance is most often due to the production of ß-lactamases. ß-lactamase genes reside either on plasmids or on the chromosome. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Interactions between innate immune effectors and multidrug resistant bacteria

    Författare :Harpa Karadottir; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Antibiotic resistance is an increasingly difficult problem in the clinic, where conventional antibiotics are failing, and new alternative solutions are in high demand. Infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria with multi drug resistance (MDR) mechanisms are increasing globally, and treatment options are limited. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Mechanisms and Dynamics of Carbapenem Resistance in Escherichia coli

    Författare :Marlen Adler; Linus Sandegren; Josep Casadesús; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; carbapenem; antibiotic resistance; fitness cost; ESBLs; penicillin-binding proteins; gene amplification;

    Sammanfattning : The emergence of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae worldwide has led to an increased use of carbapenems and may drive the development of carbapenem resistance. Existing mechanisms are mainly due to acquired carbapenemases or the combination of ESBL-production and reduced outer membrane permeability. LÄS MER