Förändringsstrategier i grundskolan : ett ledarperspektiv
Sammanfattning: Change Strategies in Primary School - a leader perspectiveThis thesis focuses on change strategies in the Swedish primary school. The schoolleaders have a new situation and role as change agents since the school was brought under local government control with among others the reguirement to be responsible for the local process of development in school. Further studies have the main focus on schoolleaders´ work situation and role, however not on how schoolleaders handle change processes. There are many studies from other organizations that show how important it is that the staff take part in local change processes. In the decentralized school it is of great interest to have an elucidation of different change strategies and how the schoolleaders´ way to act have effects on the participation of the staff.Empirical data have been collected in case studies. This thesis is a separate part of a more comprehensive research project in Swedish schools, called "The School in change". That project focuses on environmental work in the work organization and includes twelve schools. Theese schools were chosen depending on their geografical situation and from the point that both the leader and the staff had a clear wish for active work with their working environment, by starting local development projects. Of these schools, I chose three that I wanted to study in another point of view.The research purposes were to describe and understand how schoolleaders, in this case principals, at the primary school work with change strategies. To reach my aim, I chose to study the change strategies of the principals from an actor´s point of view. Semi-structured interviews were conducted at three times and to complete the picture from the answers, I used the observation method. Some data from a staff investigation in the main project "The School in change" has been used in this study, with a view to making the results clear and better understanding them. The main results from this study are that I am able to identify two different change strategies, related to the schoolleaders´ way of working with local development in the school organization. One of the schoolleaders has a stationary strategy and two schoolleaders have mobile strategies. They are different in the way that the stationary schoolleader and one of the mobile leaders show a clear own change strategy of their own, while one schoolleader has an imitated strategy. The results also show that the leader with her own and stationary strategy, has a growing part of participating staff in ordinary work organization as in local development work. Another result is that in the schools with the mobile leaders the participation decreases. It makes no difference if the leader has her own or an imitated strategy for change and development of the school. Different kinds of theory have been used to interpret the results. Two aspects have been found important to be able to understand how the leaders of the school act with change strategies. These aspects are the work with the local development and the role and situation of leadership in school.
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