Sökning: "stacking"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 169 avhandlingar innehållade ordet stacking.

  1. 1. Studies on the Non-covalent Interactions (Stereoelectronics, Stacking and Hydrogen Bonding) in the Self-assembly of DNA and RNA

    Författare :Parag Acharya; Jyoti Chattopadhyaya; Frank Seela; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Bioorganic chemistry; nucleic acids; NMR; Stereoelectronic effects; Hydrogen Bonding; Stacking; Bioorganisk kemi; Bioorganic chemistry; Bioorganisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is based on ten publications (Papers I-X). The phosphodiester backbone makes DNA or RNA to behave as polyelectrolyte, the pentose sugar gives the flexibility, and the aglycones promote the self-assembly or the ligand-binding process. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Stacking Faults in Silicon Carbide

    Författare :Hisaomi Iwata; Friedhelm Bechstedt; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : This PhD thesis comprises a series of theoretical studies on various stacking faults in silicon carbide polytypes, based on first-principles density functional modelling, which lead to a detailed insight into general electronic properties of stacking disordered system. This work is largely motivated by the discovery in 1999 by ABB Corporate Research of the electronic degradation phenomenon in 4H-SiC p-i-n diodes. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Some Aspects of Physicochemical Properties of DNA and RNA

    Författare :Sandipta Acharya; Jyoti Chattopadhyaya; Piet Herdewijn; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Bioorganic chemistry; nucleic acids; hydrogen-bonding; stacking; single-stranded; NMR; molecular dynamics; Bioorganisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is based on nine research publications (I – IX) on structure and reactivity of RNA vis-à-vis DNA. The DNA and RNA are made of flexible pentose sugar units, polyelectrolytic phosphodiester backbone, and heterocyclic nucleobases. DNA stores our genetic code, whereas RNA is involved both in protein biosynthesis and catalysis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Bioenergy from Swedish forests : A Study of extraction methods, quality and effects for forest owners

    Författare :Daniel Nilsson; Johan Bergh; Peter Lerman; Gudmund Vollbrecht; Nasko Terziew; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; logging residues; forest fuels; moisture content; needles; nutrients; moisture content measurements; Norway spruce; dry-stacking; fresh-stacking; Forestry and Wood Technology; Skog och träteknik;

    Sammanfattning : The forest constitutes a very important element of renewable natural resources and makes a significant contribution to the Swedish bioeconomy. Biofuels are Sweden’s largest source of energy; of all the energy we use, 32% comes from biofuels, and of this approximately 85% comes from the forest and the forestry sector. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Physicochemical and Structural Aspects of Nucleic Acids

    Författare :Subhrangsu Chatterjee; Adolf Gogoll; Helena Grennberg; Göran Widmalm; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Organic chemistry; pKa; Hydrogen bonding; Stacking; NMR; MD; DNA; RNA; Pyrimidine; Organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis consists of seven research publications concerning (i) pKa studies of nucleobases in model nucleotides to understand why RNA duplexes are more stable than DNA duplexes (Paper I), (ii) the role of Me(T)-π interactions in the relative stability of DNA-RNA heteroduplexes (Paper II), (iii) pKa measurements in nucleotides with different 2′-substituents (paper III), (iv) a conformation study of constrained sugars and a pKa study of 1-thyminyl to reveal effect of sugar constraints on the pKa of the nucleobase (paper IV), (v) NMR and MD studies of 1′, 2′-oxetane constrained thymidine incorporated Dickerson Drew dodecamer (paper V), (vi) the sequence dependent pKa perturbation of 9-guaninyl moeity in single stranded (ss) DNA and RNA (paper VI), (vii) the non identical chemical nature of internucleotidic phosphates in (ss) RNA using 31P NMR (paper VI), and an alkaline hydrolysis study of phosphodiesters in ssRNAs (paper VII). The architecture of DNA and RNA molecules is determined by (a) hydrogen bonding (b) base stacking (c) a variety of additional non-covalent interactions. LÄS MER