Sökning: "proportional representation"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 21 avhandlingar innehållade orden proportional representation.
Sammanfattning : Party recruiters in proportional-representation (PR) systems are forced to do what their majoritarian counterparts are not: they need to rank-order all their candidates on the party ballots based on whom they most wish to get elected. Consequently, new candidates and incumbents alike compete for a limited number of electable ballot slots. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : If a voter defects from preference under the consideration of policy outcomes and others' behavior, it is a "strategic vote". This thesis relates voters' strategic considerations to the government formation process: the chances for a party to gain seats, enter office, and affect overall policies. LÄS MER
3. Den godtyckliga demokratin : En studie av olika metoder att tillgodose kravet på proportionell rättvisa
Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses the electoral systems, one of the most important instruments in theconstitutional toolbox of democratic institutions. Theories of collective decisionmaking offer several ways to reach collective decisions and there are various ways of distributing seats in parliament. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Modern representative democracies are often described as government by the consent of the governed rather than government by the people. Elections play a central role in this context and several theorists of modern democracy have struggled to determine the circumstances under which effective political representation can exist. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : When Does Regression Discontinuity Design Work? Evidence from Random Election OutcomesWe use elections data in which a large number of ties in vote counts between candidates are resolved via a lottery to study the personal incumbency advantage. We benchmark non-experimental regression discontinuity design (RDD) estimates against the estimate produced by this experiment that suggests that there is no personal incumbency advantage. LÄS MER