Sökning: "proportional representation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 21 avhandlingar innehållade orden proportional representation.

  1. 1. Incumbent Renomination : Accountability and Gender Bias

    Författare :Michal Smrek; Elin Bjarnegård; Johanna Kantola; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; political recruitment; party politics; proportional representation; gender; incumbency; re-selection; accountability; representation; delegation; preference voting; flexible lists; Czech Republic; Slovakia.; Statskunskap; Political Science;

    Sammanfattning : Party recruiters in proportional-representation (PR) systems are forced to do what their majoritarian counterparts are not: they need to rank-order all their candidates on the party ballots based on whom they most wish to get elected. Consequently, new candidates and incumbents alike compete for a limited number of electable ballot slots. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Strategic Voting under Coalition Governments

    Författare :Annika Fredén; Statsvetenskapliga institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; strategic; voting; coalitions; proportional representation;

    Sammanfattning : If a voter defects from preference under the consideration of policy outcomes and others' behavior, it is a "strategic vote". This thesis relates voters' strategic considerations to the government formation process: the chances for a party to gain seats, enter office, and affect overall policies. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Den godtyckliga demokratin : En studie av olika metoder att tillgodose kravet på proportionell rättvisa

    Författare :Sverker Härd; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Political science; Social choice; proportional representation; electoral systems; plurality rule; approval voting; borda count; Statsvetenskap; Political science; Statsvetenskap; statskunskap; Political Science;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses the electoral systems, one of the most important instruments in theconstitutional toolbox of democratic institutions. Theories of collective decisionmaking offer several ways to reach collective decisions and there are various ways of distributing seats in parliament. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Voters' Perceptions of Party Politics - A Multilevel Approach

    Författare :Stefan Dahlberg; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Policy representation; voter perceptions; voting behavior; left-right ideology; perceptual agreement; political parties; party systems; electoral systems; institutions; multilevel;

    Sammanfattning : Modern representative democracies are often described as government by the consent of the governed rather than government by the people. Elections play a central role in this context and several theorists of modern democracy have struggled to determine the circumstances under which effective political representation can exist. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Essays in Political Economics

    Författare :Jaakko Meriläinen; Torsten Persson; David Strömberg; Toke Aidt; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Class-based voting; close elections; economic policy; ideology; local government; political parties; political promotions; political representation; politician quality; rank effects; regression discontinuity design; voting behavior; Economics; nationalekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : When Does Regression Discontinuity Design Work? Evidence from Random Election OutcomesWe use elections data in which a large number of ties in vote counts between candidates are resolved via a lottery to study the personal incumbency advantage. We benchmark non-experimental regression discontinuity design (RDD) estimates against the estimate produced by this experiment that suggests that there is no personal incumbency advantage. LÄS MER