Sökning: "mechanical ventilation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 184 avhandlingar innehållade orden mechanical ventilation.

  1. 1. A Ventilation Strategy Based on Confluent Jets : An Experimental and Numerical Study

    Författare :Setareh Janbakhsh; Bahram Moshfegh; Alexander Zhivov; Högskolan i Gävle; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Multiple interacting jets; round jets; confluent jets; wall jet; ventilation strategy; air distribution system; air supply device; ventilation performance; thermal comfort; energy-saving potential; measurement; numerical predictions; RANS turbulence models; renormalization group RNG k– ε ; realizable Re k– ε ; and shear stress transport SST k– ω ;

    Sammanfattning : This study presents air distribution systems that are based on confluent jets; this system can be of interest for the establishment of indoor environments, to fulfill the goals of indoor climate and energy-efficient usage. The main objective of this study is to provide deeper understanding of the flow field development of a supply device that is designed based on wall confluent jets and to investigate the ventilation performance by experimental and numerical methods. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Benefits of Spontaneous Breathing : Compared with Mechanical Ventilation

    Författare :László Vimláti; Michael Lichtwarck-Aschoff; Anders Larsson; Lars Wiklund; Carl-Johan Wickerts; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; spontaneous breathing; mechanical ventilation; pulmonary shunt; oxygenation; hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care;

    Sammanfattning : When spontaneous breathing (SB) is allowed during mechanical ventilation (MV), atelectatic lung areas are recruited and oxygenation improves thereby. Whether unsupported SB at its natural pattern (without PEEP and at low pressure/small tidal volume) equally recruits and improves oxygenation, and if so by which mechanism, has not been studied. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Optimizing mechanical ventilation in extremely preterm infants

    Författare :Linda Wallström; Richard Sindelar; Anders Jonzon; Raffaele Dellaca'; Heikki Lukkarinen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mechanical ventilation; extremely preterm infant; forced oscillation technique; volume targeted ventilation; proportional assist ventilation; phrenic nerve activity; electrical activity of the diaphragm; Pediatrik; Pediatrics;

    Sammanfattning : Extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs) i.e. infants born before 28 weeks of gestational age (GA), require respiratory support during their hospital stay, and a majority needs mechanical ventilation (MV) at some time point. LÄS MER

  4. 4. ON THE EFFICIENCY OF DISPLACEMENT VENTILATION, with Particular Reference to the Influence of Human Physical Activity

    Författare :Magnus Mattsson; Högskolan i Gävle; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Displacement ventilation; Ventilation efficiency; Physical activity; Human activity; Movements; Transient behaviours; Ceiling height; Wall temperature.; Building engineering; Byggnadsteknik; Fluid mechanics; Strömningsmekanik;

    Sammanfattning : The efficiency of room ventilation by the displacement principle was studied with respect to some influential factors, in particular that of physical activity. The study was experimental and performed in two full-scale test rooms, one of office-size and one of classroom-size. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Transpulmonary pressure during mechanical ventilation

    Författare :Christina Grivans; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mechanical ventilation; Acute lung injury; Acute respiratory distress syndrome; Lung volume measurements; Electric Impedance diagnostic use; Lung elastance; Transpulmonary pressure; Esophageal pressure;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Mechanical ventilation can aggravate lung injury by repetitive opening and closing of lung units, overdistention and undue pressure on pulmonary structures. Guidelines exist for lung protective ventilation, but individualized ventilator settings, based on partitioning of respiratory mechanics in pulmonary and chest wall complex components, would be beneficial. LÄS MER