Sökning: "mechanical ventilation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 156 avhandlingar innehållade orden mechanical ventilation.

  1. 1. A Ventilation Strategy Based on Confluent Jets An Experimental and Numerical Study

    Detta är en avhandling från Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Författare :Setareh Janbakhsh; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; Högskolan i Gävle.; [2015]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Multiple interacting jets; round jets; confluent jets; wall jet; ventilation strategy; air distribution system; air supply device; ventilation performance; thermal comfort; energy-saving potential; measurement; numerical predictions; RANS turbulence models; renormalization group RNG k– ε ; realizable Re k– ε ; and shear stress transport SST k– ω ;

    Sammanfattning : This study presents air distribution systems that are based on confluent jets; this system can be of interest for the establishment of indoor environments, to fulfill the goals of indoor climate and energy-efficient usage. The main objective of this study is to provide deeper understanding of the flow field development of a supply device that is designed based on wall confluent jets and to investigate the ventilation performance by experimental and numerical methods. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Benefits of Spontaneous Breathing Compared with Mechanical Ventilation

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :László Vimláti; Uppsala universitet.; [2012]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; spontaneous breathing; mechanical ventilation; pulmonary shunt; oxygenation; hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care;

    Sammanfattning : When spontaneous breathing (SB) is allowed during mechanical ventilation (MV), atelectatic lung areas are recruited and oxygenation improves thereby. Whether unsupported SB at its natural pattern (without PEEP and at low pressure/small tidal volume) equally recruits and improves oxygenation, and if so by which mechanism, has not been studied. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Ventilation Flow Field Characteristics of a Hydro-Generator Model- An experimental and Numerical Study

    Detta är en avhandling från ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Författare :Hamed Jamshidi; [2017]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Naphthalene Sublimation Technique; Hydro Power Generator; Ventilation; Experiment; CFD;

    Sammanfattning : Hydro-generators are complex machines used to convert the mechanical energy of the water turbine into electrical energy. Electromagnetic and mechanical losses accompany this energy conversion process which will cause heat generation and temperature increase. Cooling systems are needed to remove this excess heat from hydro-generators. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Transpulmonary pressure during mechanical ventilation

    Detta är en avhandling från ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Författare :Christina Grivans; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2013]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mechanical ventilation; Acute lung injury; Acute respiratory distress syndrome; Lung volume measurements; Electric Impedance diagnostic use; Lung elastance; Transpulmonary pressure; Esophageal pressure;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Mechanical ventilation can aggravate lung injury by repetitive opening and closing of lung units, overdistention and undue pressure on pulmonary structures. Guidelines exist for lung protective ventilation, but individualized ventilator settings, based on partitioning of respiratory mechanics in pulmonary and chest wall complex components, would be beneficial. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Design of Hospital Operating Room Ventilation using Computational Fluid Dynamics

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockhomlm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Sasan Sadrizadeh; KTH.; [2016]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD ; Ventilation System; Hospital Operating Room; Bacteria Carrying Particle; Surgical Site Infection; Colony Forming Unit; Airborne Particle Control; Air Quality; Thermal Comfort; Active-Passive Air Sampling methods; Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD ; ventilationssystem; operationssal på sjukhus; bakteriebärande partikel; infektion i samband med operation; kolonibildande enhet; kontroll av luftburna partiklar; luftkvalitet; termisk komfort; aktiva-passiva provtagningsmetoder för luft; Teknisk mekanik; Engineering Mechanics;

    Sammanfattning : The history of surgery is nearly as old as the human race. Control of wound infection has always been an essential part of any surgical procedure, and is still an important challenge in hospital operating rooms today. For patients undergoing surgery there is always a risk that they will develop some kind of postoperative complication. LÄS MER