Sökning: "duplication"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 142 avhandlingar innehållade ordet duplication.

  1. 1. Variation in length of proteins by repeats and disorder regions

    Författare :Rauan Sagit; Arne Elofsson; Andrey Kajava; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; protein length; repeats; domain repeats; protein evolution; duplication; tandem duplication; intrinsic disorder; intrinsically disordered; variation in length; insertion; deletion; recombination; expansion; contraction; biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Protein-coding genes evolve together with their genome and acquire changes, some of which affect the length of their protein products. This explains why equivalent proteins from different species can exhibit length differences. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The Human Y chromosome and its role in the developing male nervous system

    Författare :Martin M. Johansson; David Skuse; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MSY; sex differences; CNV; SNP; palindrome; palindromes; gr gr duplication; gr gr deletion; b2 b3 deletion; b2 b3 duplication; blue-grey duplication; blue-grey like duplication; IR2; U3; STS; AZFa; AZFb; AZFc; Olivary nucleus; Medulla oblongata; spinal cord; white matter; Affymetrix 6.0; embryo; embryonal; haplogroup; haplogroups; R1a; R1b; R-M207; E-M96; I-M170; J-M304; G-M201; Ashkenazi; Bolivian; Chinese; SNP array; padlock probing; AMY-tree; Biologi med inriktning mot zoologisk utvecklingsbiologi; Biology with specialization in Animal Development;

    Sammanfattning : Recent research demonstrated that besides a role in sex determination and male fertility, the Y chromosome is involved in additional functions including prostate cancer, sex-specific effects on the brain and behaviour, graft-versus-host disease, nociception, aggression and autoimmune diseases. The results presented in this thesis include an analysis of sex-biased genes encoded on the X and Y chromosomes of rodents. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Evolution of the Neuropeptide Y and Opioid Systems and their Genomic Regions

    Författare :Görel Sundström; Dan Larhammar; Manfred Schartl; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :neuropeptide Y; opioid; evolution; genome duplication; gene duplication; Hox; SCN; IGFBP; MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Sammanfattning : Two whole genome duplications (2R) occurred early in vertebrate evolution. By using combined information from phylogenetic analyses and chromosomal location of genes, this thesis delineates the evolutionary history of two receptor-ligand systems that expanded by these large scale events. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Evolution of Vertebrate Endocrine and Neuronal Gene Families : Focus on Pituitary and Retina

    Författare :Daniel Ocampo Daza; Dan Larhammar; Marc Robinson-Rechavi; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :phylogenetics; evolution; molecular evolution; gene family evolution; genome duplication; gene duplication; oxytocin receptor; vasopressin receptor; visual opsin; transducin; growth hormone; prolactin; somatolactin; growth hormone receptor; prolactin receptor; somatostatin receptor; SSTR; IGFBP; evolution; molekylär evolution; fylogeni;

    Sammanfattning : The duplication of genes followed by selection is perhaps the most prominent way in which molecular biological systems gain multiplicity, diversity and functional complexity in evolution. Whole genome duplications (WGDs) therefore have the potential of generating an extraordinary amount of evolutionary innovation. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Evolution of mate signalling in moths: Biosynthetic gene families and diversification of female sex pheromones

    Författare :Marjorie Liénard; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; duplication; transcriptome; fatty-acyl-CoA reductase; fatty-acyl-CoA desaturase; fatty-acid biosynthesis; odour; insect; Lepidoptera; phylogeny; qPCR; heterologous expression; mutagenesis;

    Sammanfattning : Pheromones are intraspecific chemical signals serving as a ubiquitous form of communication, particularly among insects. Female sex-pheromone signals act as the core constituent in the specialized odour-mediated moth mate-recognition system. Female moths typically release multicomponent mixtures of alcohols, aldehydes or acetates. LÄS MER