Sökning: "Radiology"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 496 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Radiology.

  1. 1. Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Radiology, Lund University

    Författare :Peter Hochbergs; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [1998]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Clinical physics; Histology; Metaphysis; Synovitis; Necrosis; Osteotomy; Arthrography; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease; Pediatrics; Hip; medicinsk instrumentering; tomografi; radiologi; Klinisk fysiologi; medical instrumentation; tomography; radiology;

    Sammanfattning : The aims of this study were: to compare the cartilaginous outline of the femoral head obtained on arthrograms with those on MR images and to correlate it to the bony head outlines on conventional radiograps; to study early, postoperative cartilaginous and bony remodeling of the femoral head, after proximal femoral varus derotation extension osteotomy, with MR imaging and conventional radiography; to describe signal abnormalities on MR images in the femoral epiphysis, their location, extent and restitution over time; to evaluate the degree and persistence of synovitis in the hip joint by MR imaging; to analyze the metaphyseal histology and to correlate it to the signal intensity on the MR images in the corresponding biopsy region. Results and conclusions: MR imaging and arthrography define the shape of the femoral head cartilage equally well. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Double-contrast MRI for the staging of rectal carcinoma: Technical aspects and clinical experience

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Radiology, Lund University

    Författare :Nils-Olof Wallengren; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2001]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; radiology; Clinical physics; Double contrast; MR imaging; Preoperative staging; Rectal carcinoma; tomography; medical instrumentation; Klinisk fysiologi; radiologi; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering;

    Sammanfattning : Aim of the study Today´s methods for the staging of rectal carcinoma: ultrasonography with transrectal probe, CT, MRI or MRI with a rectal coil, all have limitations. The aim was therefore to develop a new, double-contrast MRI method for evaluation of rectal carcinoma. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Gadodiamide injection for Enhancement of MRI in the CNS. Applications, dose, field and time dependence

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Radiology, Lund University

    Författare :Per Åkeson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [1996]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Clinical physics; Phantom study.; Comparative study; Human; Time dependence; Dosage; Enhancement; Gadolinium; MRI contrast media; Contrast media; Magnetic resonance imaging; Spine; Brain neoplasms; secondary; Brain; radiology; tomography; medical instrumentation; Klinisk fysiologi; radiologi; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering;

    Sammanfattning : Aims of the study The aims of this study using Gadodiamide injection were to investigate: · Whether Gadodiamide injection was comparable to Gd-DTPA for the enhancement of CNS lesions. · The contrast effect at different field strengths. · The effective time-window for the enhancement of blood-brain barrier damage. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Ultrasound Examination in Infant Clubfoot with Special Emphasis on the Talonavicular and the Calcaneocuboid Joints

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Lund University

    Författare :Ylva Aurell; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2005]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Klinisk fysiologi; radiologi; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering; tomography; medical instrumentation; ultrasonography; Clinical physics; radiology; infant; foot deformities- congenital; anatomy; clubfoot;

    Sammanfattning : The purpose of the study was to develop an ultrasound (US) protocol for evaluating congenital clubfoot pathoanatomy before and during early treatment. By using 3 easily defined and reproducible US projections the talonavicular and the calcaneocuboid joints were assessed. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Brain Tumors - Clinical Applications

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Lund University

    Författare :Isabella Björkman-Burtscher; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [1999]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; radiology; Clinical physics; Localization; Abscess; Brain; Tumor; Spectroscopy; Magnetic Resonance; tomography; medical instrumentation; Klinisk fysiologi; radiologi; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering;

    Sammanfattning : Aims: · to present a test phantom and test method for evaluation of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) single volume localization techniques regarding signal contamination; · to describe the introduction of 1H-MRS in the daily routine of a standard MR-unit; · to evaluate the possibilities offered by 1H-MRS to improve preoperative diagnostic accuracy in patients scheduled for stereotactic biopsy of intracranial mass lesions; · to evaluate the possibilities offered by 1H-MRS to improve diagnostics and therapy control in patients with brain abscesses; · to test the hypothesis that 1H-MRS might be useful for differentiation of brain tumors, based on metabolic changes in tissue across brain lesions or surrounding tissue. Results and conclusions: · The test phantom and test method allow quality assessment with good reproducibility. LÄS MER