Sökning: "Deep excavation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 11 avhandlingar innehållade orden Deep excavation.

  1. 1. Effects of deep excavations in soft clay on the immediate sourroundings-Analysis of the possibility to predict deformations and reactions against the retaining system

    Författare :Anders Kullingsjö; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MIT-S1; Sheet pile wall; Soil-structure interaction; Strain; Stress; Ground surface settlement; Finite element method; Case history; Shear test; Shear strength; Pore pressure; Analysis; Constitutive models; Plane strain; Elastoplasticity; Laboratory tests; Factor of safety; Stiffness; e-ADP; Earth pressure; Anisotropy; Soft Clay; Deep excavation; Retaining wall; Shear stress; Deformation;

    Sammanfattning : When excavating in an urban environment, the evaluation of the magnitude and distribution of ground movements is an important part of the design process, since excessive movements can damage adjacent buildings and utilities. In order to minimize movement of the surrounding soil, a retaining wall support system is used for deep excavations to provide lateral support. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Hydrogeological Methods in Geotechnical Engineering: Applied to settlements caused by underground construction

    Författare :Jenny Persson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :excavation; tunnel; hydrogeology; consolidation; pumping test; Groundwater; inflow rate; settlement; transmissivity; pore pressure; clay;

    Sammanfattning : Improvement in the infrastructure in urban areas generally involves underground construction with tunneling and deep excavations. One important consideration when constructing in cities founded on soft soil is settlement resulting from groundwater drawdown. The potential cost of excessive settlement in these projects is immense. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Ground Improvement by Dry Deep Mixing Lime-Cement Column Panels as Excavation Support

    Författare :Razvan Ignat; Stefan Larsson; Sadek Baker; Sven Liedberg; Masaki Kitazume; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY;

    Sammanfattning : Many urban areas near the coastal regions of Sweden are characterized by post-glacial clay deposits with very low undrained shear strength and high compressibility. Column type ground improvement by the Deep Mixing, DM, method using a binder mixture of lime and cement is commonly used in areas with poor soil conditions due to its cost-effectiveness, predominantly for settlement reduction and to improve the stability of embankments. LÄS MER

  4. 4. On the small strain stiffness of some Scandinavian clays and impact on deep excavation

    Författare :Tara Wood; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; soft clay; small strain stiffness; degradation; seismic testing; sample quality;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents the results of a comprehensive study on the small strain stiffness of several Swedish clays and its tentative effect on the design of retaining structures. A combination of field measurement techniques, seismic dilatometer and surface seismics, are complemented with bender element testing of the retrieved samples. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Origin and mobility of major and key trace elements (Cs, YREEs) in fracture groundwater in the upper 1.2 kilometres of coastal granitoids : Implications for future repositories of spent nuclear fuel

    Författare :Frédéric A. Mathurin; Mats E. Åström; Marcus Laaksoharju; Birgitta Kalinowski; Niklaus Waber; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; fracture groundwater; groundwater mixing; seawater intrusion; water-rock interactions; cation exchange; Cesium; Rare Earth Elements; colloidal speciation; humic substances; dual porosity; inverse modelling; Äspö HRL; Laxemar; Forsmark; eaux de fractures; mélange d eaux; intrusion d eau de mer; interactions eau-roche; échanges cationiques; Césium; Elements Terres Rares; spéciation colloïdale; substances humiques; double porosité; modélisation inverse; Äspö HRL; Laxemar; Forsmark; sprickvatten; grundvatten mixing; havsvattenintrusion; vatten-berg interaction; katjonbyte; cesium; sällsynta jordartsmetaller; kollidal speciation; humusämnen; dual porositet; invers modellering; Äspölaboratoriet; Äspötunneln; Laxemar; Forsmark; Miljövetenskap; Environmental Science;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on the chemical and isotopic features of groundwater residing in the upper 1.2 km of sparsely fractured crystalline bedrock of the Baltic Shield. LÄS MER