Effect of shear cutting on metal fatigue

Sammanfattning: Lightweighting of automotive and heavy-duty vehicle components is an important task that does not need any further motivation or background. It can be read in a large part of the technical papers in the field. A common approach for finding lighter solutions is to increase the material grade while decreasing the material thickness. Often in combination with design changes. For perfectly smooth components this is not an issue, but when cut edges from manufacturing processes are present the situation changes. One topic to address is that increased material grade often means increased notch and surface damage sensitivity. This has implications both on forming and fatigue. The reason for selecting a higher strength material is to allow for higher stresses in design. It has however been shown that for a given stress level the fatigue performance of a higher strength material could be worse than for a lower strength counterpart if punched holes or trimmed edges are present. This means that in the search of lower weight there is a risk of increasing stresses, and at the same time selecting a material that is less suited to handle this increase. Hence, engineers and developers are put in a position where these effects must be quantified to find the most efficient solution. This quantification is a cumbersome and expensive task, often including a considerable amount of testing. Important sources of fatigue life reduction in this context are the residual stresses in the loading direction and the surface roughness in the cut edge. This thesis aims to present an overview of metal fatigue in the context of shear cut components. Necessary knowledge regarding the shear cutting process is provided along with a description of numerical methods and considerations for process simulations. These findings are then applied to the presented papers where the first introduces a simplified approach for numerical simulation of shear cutting to obtain residual stresses. In this approach the simplification mainly lies in the failure model calibration. The second paper studies the possibility of using the obtained residual stresses together with measured values of surface roughness to quantify fatigue life reduction of shear cut specimens.  

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