Sökning: "MADYMO"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 9 avhandlingar innehållade ordet MADYMO.

  1. 1. Effects of Seat and Seat-Belt Design on Car Occupant Response in Frontal and Rear Impacts A Study Combining Mechanical and Mathematical Modelling

    Författare :Gert Nilson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :frontal impact; MADYMO; whiplash; rear impact; belt-in-seat; force-limiting; mathematical simulation; car seat; submarining;

    Sammanfattning : The objective of the present work is to determine the potential injury-reducing benefits to car occupants in accidents of seat and seat-belt design. The main problems addressed are the risk of injury to head, neck, and upper torso in frontal impacts, and the risk of minor neck-injuries - whiplash-injuries - in rear-end collisions. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Child Safety in Car Crashes

    Författare :Marianne Johansson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Numerical modelling; Factorial DOE; Stochastic simulation; Accident reconstruction; MADYMO; Child Safety; Restraint system; Anthropometry; Q3;

    Sammanfattning : Traffic related trauma is the main cause of child fatality and injury in Europe and North America, with the large majority of fatalities and injuries occurring to children in cars. Specifically, head injury is a common outcome in injury causing car accidents. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Neck Injury Risk in Rear-End Impacts. Risk Factors and Neck Injury Criterion Evaluation with Madymo Modelling and Real-Life Data

    Författare :Linda Eriksson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :injury criteria; rear-end impacts; neck injuries; mathematical modelling; injury probability; head restraints; BioRID; NICmax; risk factors; WAD; car seats;

    Sammanfattning : Soft-tissue neck injuries, also termed AIS 1 neck injuries, are common after low-speed rear-end impacts. These injuries, which can be long-lasting, have increased in frequency during the past few decades. There is no consensus regarding injury mechanisms; however, injury criteria have been proposed, without yet being fully evaluated. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Foot-Ankle Joints Responses. Epidemiology, Biomechanics and Mathematical Modeling

    Författare :Chantal S. Parenteau; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :mathematical models; biomechanics; range of motion; ankle injury; injury mechanisms; ligament failure; center of rotation; ankle and subtalar joints; ankle fracture;

    Sammanfattning : The purpose of this thesis is to acquire better knowledge of foot-ankle injuries because of their increasing importance in car crashes. Three approaches were used: epidemiology, biomechanics and mathematical modeling. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Mathematical Simulation of Vehicle-Pedestrian Collisions: Influence of Vehicle Impact Speed and Front-End Structure on the Dynamic Responses of Child and Adult Pedestrians

    Författare :Xuejun Liu; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :child pedestrian; impact biomechanics; mathematical model; vehicle front-end structure; safety countermeasure; impact speed; parametric study; scaling method;

    Sammanfattning : The development of effective countermeasures for pedestrian protection requires an understanding of how the impact speed and front-end design of the vehicle influence the injury risks of pedestrians. Because of the high involvement of children in pedestrian accidents, there is also a need for child pedestrian mathematical models. LÄS MER