Sökning: "rear-end impacts"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 11 avhandlingar innehållade orden rear-end impacts.

  1. 1. Whiplash Associated Disorders in Frontal and Rear-End Car Impacts - Biomechanical Guidelines and Evaluation Criteria based on Accident Data and Occupant Modelling

    Författare :Lotta Jakobsson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :neck injuries; rear-end impacts; frontal impacts; WHIPS; whiplash;

    Sammanfattning : Whiplash associated disorders, also called whiplash injuries or AIS1 neck injuries, represent one of the most significant types of injury in car crashes regarding both frequency and long-term consequences. The injury mechanisms are not fully understood, thus making it difficult to design and evaluate protection systems in cars. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Interaction between humans and car seats : studies of occupant seat adjustment, posture, position, and real world neck injuries in rear-end impacts

    Författare :Bertil Jonsson; Ulf Björnstig; Mats Svensson; Anders Kullgren; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Surgery; backset; Whiplash; rear-end impact; seated posture; seated position; bioRID; Kirurgi; Surgery; kirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Background: The latest generation of rear-end whiplash protection systems, as found in the WHIPS Volvo and SAHR Saab, have reduced injury rates by almost 50% in comparison with the previous generation of seat/head restraint systems. Occupant behaviour, such as seated posture and seat adjustment settings, may affect the injury risk. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Neck Injury Risk in Rear-End Impacts. Risk Factors and Neck Injury Criterion Evaluation with Madymo Modelling and Real-Life Data

    Författare :Linda Eriksson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :injury criteria; rear-end impacts; neck injuries; mathematical modelling; injury probability; head restraints; BioRID; NICmax; risk factors; WAD; car seats;

    Sammanfattning : Soft-tissue neck injuries, also termed AIS 1 neck injuries, are common after low-speed rear-end impacts. These injuries, which can be long-lasting, have increased in frequency during the past few decades. There is no consensus regarding injury mechanisms; however, injury criteria have been proposed, without yet being fully evaluated. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Mathematical modelling of low-speed rear-end impacts : development and validation of MBS-models, and influence of risk factors on NIC

    Författare :Linda Eriksson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; BioRID; mathematical models; impact severity; NICmax; rear-end impacts; crash pulse;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  5. 5. Mathematical and mechanical neck models for low-velocity rear-end impacts : design and validation of biofidelic tools for crash safety evaluation

    Författare :Astrid Linder; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; soft tissue neck injuries; mathematical model; dummy neck; rear-end collision; whiplash; low-velocity;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER