Sökning: "phylogenetic comparative method"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 9 avhandlingar innehållade orden phylogenetic comparative method.

  1. 1. Multivariate Aspects of Phylogenetic Comparative Methods

    Författare :Krzysztof Bartoszek; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; General Linear Model; Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process; Multivariate phylogenetic comparative method; Evolutionary model; Adaptation; Optimality; Measurement error; Regression; Adaptation; Major-axis regression; Reduced major-axis regression; Structural equation; Allometry; Phylogenetic inertia; Allometry;

    Sammanfattning : his thesis concerns multivariate phylogenetic comparative methods. We investigate two aspects of them. The first is the bias caused by measurement error in regression studies of comparative data. We calculate the formula for the bias and show how to correct for it. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Stochastic Models in Phylogenetic Comparative Methods: Analytical Properties and Parameter Estimation

    Författare :Krzysztof Bartoszek; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :Adaptation; Adaptation; Birth-death process; Branching diffusion; Brownian motions; Conditioned branching process; Evolution; General Linear Model; Hybridization; Macroevolution; Measurement error; Multivariate phylogenetic comparative method; Optimality; Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process; Phyletic gradualism; Phylogenetic inertia; Phylogenetic uncertainty; Punctuated equilibrium; Yule tree; Macroevolution;

    Sammanfattning : Phylogenetic comparative methods are well established tools for using inter-species variation to analyse phenotypic evolution and adaptation. They are generally hampered, however, by predominantly univariate approaches and failure to include uncertainty and measurement error in the phylogeny as well as the measured traits. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Taking advantage of phylogenetic trees in comparative genomics

    Författare :Örjan Åkerborg; Jens Lagergren; Mathieu Blanchette; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Computer Science; Bioinformatics; Bioinformatik;

    Sammanfattning : Phylogenomics can be regarded as evolution and genomics in co-operation. Various kinds of evolutionary studies, gene family analysis among them, demand access to genome-scale datasets. But it is also clear that many genomics studies, such as assignment of gene function, are much improved by evolutionary analysis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Thinking in water : Brain size evolution in Cichlidae and Syngnathidae

    Författare :Masahito Tsuboi; Niclas Kolm; Andrew Iwaniuk; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; brain evolution; phylogenetic comparative method; the expensive tissue hypothesis; cichlid; pipefish; seahorse; Biologi med inriktning mot zooekologi; Biology with specialization in Animal Ecology;

    Sammanfattning : Brain size varies greatly among vertebrates. It has been proposed that the diversity of brain size is produced and maintained through a balance of adaptations to different types and levels of cognitive ability and constraints for adaptive evolution. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Exploration of microbial diversity and evolution through cultivation independent phylogenomics

    Författare :Joran Martijn; Thijs J.G. Ettema; Andrew Roger; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; cultivation independent genomics; metagenomics; single-cell genomics; metagenomic binning; phylogenetics; phylogenomics; phylogenetic artefacts; comparative genomics; gene tree-species tree reconciliation; rRNA amplicon sequencing; Tara Oceans; origin of mitochondria; Alphaproteobacteria; Rickettsiales; Haloarchaea; endosymbiosis; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär evolution; Biology with specialization in Molecular Evolution;

    Sammanfattning : Our understanding of microbial evolution is largely dependent on available genomic data of diverse organisms. Yet, genome-sequencing efforts have mostly ignored the diverse uncultivable majority in favor of cultivable and sociologically relevant organisms. LÄS MER