Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 657 avhandlingar innehållade orden LIQUID WATER.

  1. 1. X-Ray Investigations of the Liquid-Liquid Critical Point Hypothesis in Supercooled Water

    Författare :Alexander Späh; Anders Nilsson; Martin Meedom Nielsen; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; water; supercooled water; x-ray scattering; free electron x-ray laser; liquid-liquid phase transition; liquid-liquid critical point; x-ray speckle visibility spectroscopy; kemisk fysik; Chemical Physics;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents experimental x-ray scattering studies on supercooled liquid water. A liquid-liquid transition between two structurally distinct configurations has been found in deeply supercooled water, indicating the existence of a liquid- liquid critical point. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Core Level Spectroscopy of Water and Ice

    Författare :Dennis Nordlund; Anders Nilsson; Martin Wolf; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; x-ray adsorption spectroscopy; photoemission spectroscopy; x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; platinum; x-ray emission spectroscopy; density functional theory; hydrogen-bonded; H-bond; water; ice; electronic structure; excited state dynamics; proton dynamics; water adsorption; liquid water; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : A core level spectroscopy study of ice and water is presented in this thesis. Combining a number of experiments and spectrum calculations based on density functional theory, changes in the local valence electronic structure are shown to be sensitive to the local H-bonding configurations. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Molecular structure and dynamics of liquid water : Simulations complementing experiments

    Författare :Daniel Schlesinger; Lars G. M. Pettersson; Paola Gallo; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; liquid water; supercooled water; molecular simulation; evaporative cooling; teoretisk fysik; Theoretical Physics;

    Sammanfattning : Water is abundant on earth and in the atmosphere and the most crucial liquid for life as we know it. It has been subject to rather intense research since more than a century and still holds secrets about its molecular structure and dynamics, particularly in the supercooled state, i. e. the metastable liquid below its melting point. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Structure, Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Liquid Water : Insights from Molecular Simulations

    Författare :Kjartan Thor Wikfeldt; Lars G. M. Pettersson; Francesco Sciortino; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Liquid water; supercooled water; diffraction; structure modeling; molecular dynamics; x-ray spectroscopy; EXAFS; SAXS; Physics; Fysik; Theoretical Physics; teoretisk fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Water is a complex liquid with many unusual properties. Our understanding of its physical, chemical and biological properties is greatly advanced after a century of dedicated research but there are still many unresolved questions. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Liquid landscapes: Human-water interactions and water scarcity in Yanque, Peru

    Författare :Malene Brandshaug; Göteborgs universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; water scarcity; human-water interactions; Peru; water management; more-than-human; entanglements; coloniality; Anthropocene;

    Sammanfattning : In the farming district of Yanque in the Southern Peruvian Andes, everyday life revolves around acquiring enough water for irrigation. This thesis concerns water scarcity and focuses on a range of water management practices. LÄS MER