Sökning: "x-ray emission spectroscopy"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 95 avhandlingar innehållade orden x-ray emission spectroscopy.

  1. 1. X-ray scattering and spectroscopy of supercooled water and ice

    Författare :Jonas A. Sellberg; Anders Nilsson; Lars G. M. Pettersson; Thomas Loerting; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; supercooled water; ice; x-ray scattering; x-ray spectroscopy; free-electron laser; kemisk fysik; Chemical Physics;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents experimental studies of water and ice at near-atmospheric pressures using intense x-rays only accessible at synchrotrons and free-electron lasers. In particular, it focuses on the deeply supercooled, metastable state and its implications on ice nucleation. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Resonant Soft X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy of Vanadium Oxides and Related Compounds

    Författare :Thorsten Schmitt; Joseph Nordgren; Laurent Duda; Stefan Eisebitt; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Physics; vanadium oxides; Li-battery; cathode materials; copper oxides; soft X-ray absorption; soft X-ray emission; resonant inelastic X-ray scattering; cluster model calculations; Fysik; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis addresses the electronic structure of vanadium and copper oxides using soft X-ray absorption (SXA) spectroscopy and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) at high brightness synchrotron radiation sources. In RIXS incident photons, tuned to the energy of specific absorption resonances, are inelastically scattered leaving behind a low energy valence excitation in the system studied. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Core Level Spectroscopy of Water and Ice

    Författare :Dennis Nordlund; Anders Nilsson; Martin Wolf; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; x-ray adsorption spectroscopy; photoemission spectroscopy; x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; platinum; x-ray emission spectroscopy; density functional theory; hydrogen-bonded; H-bond; water; ice; electronic structure; excited state dynamics; proton dynamics; water adsorption; liquid water; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : A core level spectroscopy study of ice and water is presented in this thesis. Combining a number of experiments and spectrum calculations based on density functional theory, changes in the local valence electronic structure are shown to be sensitive to the local H-bonding configurations. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Dynamics of multiphoton processes in nonlinear optics and x-ray spectroscopy

    Författare :Ji-Cai Liu; Faris Gel'mukhanov; Richard Taieb; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; nonlinear optics; x-ray spectroscopy; multiphoton processes; pulse propagation; Atomic and molecular physics; Atom- och molekylfysik; Spectroscopy; Spektroskopi;

    Sammanfattning : New generations of ultrashort and intense laser pulses as well ashigh power synchrotron radiation sources and x-ray free electronlasers have promoted fast developments in nonlinear optics andx-ray spectroscopy.The new experimental achievements and the appearance of varieties of novelnonlinear phenomena call for further development of theories. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Spontaneous and stimulated X-ray Raman scattering

    Författare :Yu-Ping Sun; Faris Gel'mukhanov; Vincenzo Carravetta; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; resonant X-ray scattering; resonant Auger scattering; rotational Doppler broadening; XFEL pulse; Atomic and molecular physics; Atom- och molekylfysik; Spectroscopy; Spektroskopi;

    Sammanfattning : The present thesis is devoted to theoretical studies of resonant X-ray scattering and propagation of strong X-ray pulses. In the first part of the thesis the nuclear dynamics of different molecules is studied using resonant X-ray Raman and resonant Auger scattering techniques. LÄS MER