Sökning: "Ghazanfar Ali Khan"

Hittade 1 avhandling innehållade orden Ghazanfar Ali Khan.

  1. 1. Monitoring anti-infectives and antibiotic resistance genes with focus on analytical method development, effects of antibiotics and national perspectives

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå University

    Författare :Ghazanfar Ali Khan; Umeå universitet.; [2012]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; method development; on-line solid phase extraction liquid chromatography mass spectrometry SPE LC-MS MS ; antibiotics; anti-infectives; constructed wetlands CWs ; denatured gradient gel electrophoresis DGGE ; percentage removal efficiency PRE ; shannon index; antibiotic resistance genes ARGs ; real-time polymerase chain reaction RT-PCR ; drug formulation facilities DFF ; wastewater; epidemiology; pandemic; influenza; compliance;

    Sammanfattning : Antibiotics are biologically active and are globally used in humans and animal medicine for treatment and in sub-therapeutic amounts as growth promoters in animal husbandry, aquaculture and agriculture. After excretion, inappropriate disposal and discharge from drug production facilities they enter into water bodies either as intact drugs, metabolites or transformed products. LÄS MER