Sökning: "Klaus Kümmerer"

Hittade 2 avhandlingar innehållade orden Klaus Kümmerer.

  1. 1. Monitoring anti-infectives and antibiotic resistance genes : with focus on analytical method development, effects of antibiotics and national perspectives

    Författare :Ghazanfar Ali Khan; Jerker Fick; Klaus Kümmerer; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; method development; on-line solid phase extraction liquid chromatography mass spectrometry SPE LC-MS MS ; antibiotics; anti-infectives; constructed wetlands CWs ; denatured gradient gel electrophoresis DGGE ; percentage removal efficiency PRE ; shannon index; antibiotic resistance genes ARGs ; real-time polymerase chain reaction RT-PCR ; drug formulation facilities DFF ; wastewater; epidemiology; pandemic; influenza; compliance;

    Sammanfattning : Antibiotics are biologically active and are globally used in humans and animal medicine for treatment and in sub-therapeutic amounts as growth promoters in animal husbandry, aquaculture and agriculture. After excretion, inappropriate disposal and discharge from drug production facilities they enter into water bodies either as intact drugs, metabolites or transformed products. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Antimicrobials in sewage treatment plants : occurrence, fate and resistance

    Författare :Marcus Östman; Mats Tysklind; Jerker Fick; Erik Björn; Klaus Kümmerer; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; biocides; antibiotics; sewage treatment plants; wastewater; sludge; ozonation; activated carbon; antibiotic resistance; antimicrobials; mass flows; LC-MS MS; environment; advanced water treatment;

    Sammanfattning : The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified antibiotic resistance as a major threat to human health. The environment has been suggested to play an important role in the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. The external environment can act as a source of resistance genes that could potentially be transferred into human pathogens. LÄS MER