Sökning: "shannon index"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 7 avhandlingar innehållade orden shannon index.

  1. 1. Monitoring anti-infectives and antibiotic resistance genes : with focus on analytical method development, effects of antibiotics and national perspectives

    Författare :Ghazanfar Ali Khan; Jerker Fick; Klaus Kümmerer; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; method development; on-line solid phase extraction liquid chromatography mass spectrometry SPE LC-MS MS ; antibiotics; anti-infectives; constructed wetlands CWs ; denatured gradient gel electrophoresis DGGE ; percentage removal efficiency PRE ; shannon index; antibiotic resistance genes ARGs ; real-time polymerase chain reaction RT-PCR ; drug formulation facilities DFF ; wastewater; epidemiology; pandemic; influenza; compliance;

    Sammanfattning : Antibiotics are biologically active and are globally used in humans and animal medicine for treatment and in sub-therapeutic amounts as growth promoters in animal husbandry, aquaculture and agriculture. After excretion, inappropriate disposal and discharge from drug production facilities they enter into water bodies either as intact drugs, metabolites or transformed products. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Vattenfysikalisk-kemiska och bottenfaunaförhållanden i ett norrländskt vattendrag påverkat av utsläpp från sulfidmalmbrytning och anrikning

    Författare :Bertil Brånin; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Mining; metals; pollution; stream; physicochemical; invertebrates and diversity index;

    Sammanfattning : Gruvbrytnings- och anrikningsverksamheten av komplexa zink-och kopparsulfidmalmer orsakar på flera håll i Västerbottens län vattenföroreningsproblem. För att studera effekterna av utsläppen i recipienten, har undersökningar och utvärderingar gjorts av de fysikalisk-kemiska och biologiska förhållandena i Vormbäcken 1971 - 1975. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Conodont biostratigraphy and diversity in The Lower-Middle Ordovician of Eastern Baltoscandia (St. Petersburg region, Russia) and Kazakhstan

    Författare :Tatiana Tolmacheva; Richard Aldrigde; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Earth sciences; Geovetenskap; Earth sciences; Geovetenskap; Historical Geology and Paleontology; historisk geologi och paleontologi;

    Sammanfattning : Conodonts were first discovered and described by Christian Pander in 1856 from the St. Petersburg region. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Integrating food production and biodiversity : energy and scale issues in implementation

    Författare :Kristina Belfrage; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; []
    Nyckelord :LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis was to test the hypotheses that (1) biodiversity at a farm level differs between small and large farms, and (2) it is possible to combine high biodiversity at farm level with high food production, sustainable nutrient circulation, and self-sufficiency in fuels. In the research area in SE Sweden, six small farms (135 ha) were selected for the studies. LÄS MER

  5. 5. The Ecological Role of Roadside Stormwater Ponds - Potential to Support Biodiversity

    Författare :Zhenhua Sun; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; High throughput sequencing; DNA metabarcoding; Water quality; Aquatic biodiversity; Macroinvertebrates; Sediments; Stormwater ponds; Road runoff;

    Sammanfattning : The increased recognition that roads may impair the aquatic environment and ecosystems has led to a shift from conventional drainage systems toward blue-green solutions such as stormwater ponds. Research on blue-green stormwater solutions has until now mainly focused on water quantity and quality. LÄS MER