Möjligheter till kompetensutveckling : ett individperspektiv på relationen människa - organisation : en studie av individer i reklam- och revisionsföretag
Sammanfattning: This study deals with individual possibilities for competence development in knowledge-intensive firms, especially advertising and audit firms. The study has an individual perspective which means that the organization is analyzed as subjective perception of individuals. In this approach I seek for differences between people (subjective interpretations), instead of similarities (intersubjective interpretations). Different subjective interpretations are important for the understanding of different possibilities and restrictions individual competence development. Different individuals can, depending on different values about work and life in general, have different experieces of possibilities for competence development. The research problem deals with different relations between the individual and the organization from the individual perspective of personal competence development. The empirical study is in two parts; case studies at the individual level and a questionnaire to people in advertising firms and audit firms.From the theoretical perspective and the empirical studies, different types of relations between man and organisation have been developed; Respectful professional, respectless professional, respectful holistic, respectless holistic, sectorial professional and holistic professional. The implications of these relations are that certain individual values seems to fit these knowledge- intensive firms better than others. These individual values have been termed respectful, professional and holistic. Individuals with these values experience their possibilities of competence development better than other individuals. Individuals with the values termed respectless and sectorial were less pleased with their companies and their possibilities of competence development. The study also show that individual commitment to organisational values is important for the experienced possibilities for personal competence development.
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