Sökning: "methyl jasmonate"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 8 avhandlingar innehållade orden methyl jasmonate.

  1. 1. Effects of methyl jasmonate on chemical defenses of conifer seedlings in relation to feeding by Hylobius abietis

    Författare :Lina Lundborg; Anna-Karin Borg-Karlson; Irena Valterová; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Pinaceae; Pinus pinaster; Pinus radiata; Pinus sylvestris; Picea abies; Thaumetopoea pityocampa; Hylobius abietis; Needles; Phloem; Feeding; Vaccination; Priming; Methyl jasmonate; Aromatics; Phenolics; Monoterpenes; Pinaceae; Pinus pinaster; Pinus radiata; Pinus sylvestris; Picea abies; Thaumetopoea pityocampa; Hylobius abietis; Barr; Floem; Ätning; Vaccinering; Metyljasmonat; Aromater; Fenoler; Monoterpener; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The chemical elicitor methyl jasmonate (MeJA) could replace insecticides in Europe and Asia for protection of young conifers against the pine weevil (Hylobius abietis). This thesis mainly focuses on the effects of MeJA treatment on chemical defenses of conifers from seedling batches with documented field resistance. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Conifer chemical defense : Rugulation of bark beetle colonization and pheromone emission

    Författare :Tao Zhao; Anna-Karin Borg-Karlson; Irena Valterova; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Picea abies; Ips typographus; Ceratocystis polonica; methyl jasmonate; windstorm; stress response; terpenes; phenols; colonization; pheromone emission; Plant and forest protection; Växt- och skogsskydd;

    Sammanfattning : Terpenes and phenols are of importance in conifer defense against insects and pathogens. Knowledge about tree chemical defense is vital for developing practical methods to maintain healthy forests. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Barley defense genes against aphids

    Författare :Aleksandra Losvik; Lisbeth Jonsson; Ulla Rasmussen; Robert Glinwood; Bogumił Leszczyński; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Aphid resistance; protease inhibitor; lipoxygenase; induced plant resistance; volatiles; Hordeum vulgare; Rhopalosiphum padi; Myzus persicae; Plant Physiology; växtfysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Aphids are insect pests with major importance worldwide. By feeding from plant phloem, they directly withdraw nutrients. The feeding injury is often visible in the form of leaf rolling, chlorosis, necrosis or plant deformation. Their pest status is attributed also to vectoring of plant viruses. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Black mustard and the butterfly effect : metabolomics of plant-insect interactions under multiple stress conditions

    Författare :Stefano Papazian; Benedicte Albrectsen; Edward Farmer; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; plant physiology; metabolomics; glucosinolates; multiple stress; ozone; Brassica nigra; Pieris brassicae; Brevicoryne brassicae; biology; biologi; Environmental Science; miljövetenskap; molekylärbiologi; Molecular Biology; Entomology; entomologi;

    Sammanfattning : One main goal of ecological research is to understand nature´s complexity, in order to predict the potential impact of environmental perturbations. In this thesis, I investigate the ecological interactions between some of the most ancient organisms living on our planet: plants and insects. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Chemical defence in Norway spruce

    Författare :Marie Danielsson; Anna-Karin Borg-Karlson; Anders Backlund; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; volatiles; terpenes; green leaf volatiles; stilbenes; stress response; nepetalactone; Picea abies; Hylobius abietis; Cinara pilicornis; Oligonychus ununguis; Heterobasidion annosum; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Norway spruce (Picea abies) responds to stress by biosynthesis of chemical substances, which can deter invading insects or pathogens. Some of these substances are volatile and can be emitted to the surroundings while others are accumulated within the tree. LÄS MER