Sökning: "Graeme Ruxton"

Hittade 3 avhandlingar innehållade orden Graeme Ruxton.

  1. 1. Seasonal change in defensive coloration in a shieldbug

    Författare :Aleksandra I. Johansen; Gabriella Gamberale-Stille; Birgitta S. Tullberg; Graeme Ruxton; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Shield bug; colour change; protective coloration; cryptic; aposematic; behavioural change; etologi; Ethology; shield bug;

    Sammanfattning : Protective coloration such as aposematism and crypsis occurs in many insects but only a few species alter their defensive strategy during the same instar. We hypothesize the adult shield bug Graphosoma lineatum with an alternating black and non-melanised longitudinal striation exhibit such a change in defensive coloration. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Antipredator defence in butterflies

    Författare :Martin Olofsson; Christer Wiklund; Graeme Ruxton; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Antipredator defence; Bird; Crypsis; Predator; Predator-prey interaction; Prey-attack behavior; Butterfly; Deimatic behavior; Eyespots; Startle display; zoologisk ekologi; Animal Ecology;

    Sammanfattning : Predation exerts a potent selection mechanism and has resulted in a suite of antipredation adaptations encompassing morphological and behavioral traits in prey. In butterflies, several such traits appear to be directed towards birds which are considered as one of their major predators. LÄS MER

  3. 3. On the protective value of conspicuous eyespots in Lepidoptera

    Författare :Adrian Vallin; Sven Jakobsson; Christer Wiklund; Graeme D. Ruxton; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Ethology and behavioural ecology; Etologi och beteendeekologi;

    Sammanfattning : Eyespots, circular patterns which resemble the general appearance of the vertebrate eye, are widespread throughout the animal kingdom and are for example, commonly found on the wings of butterflies where they have been proposed to confer protection against predation. However, empirical evidence of the adaptive value of eyespots, as well as knowledge of butterfly behaviour under the threat of predation, is scarce. LÄS MER