Sökning: "density matrix formalism"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 14 avhandlingar innehållade orden density matrix formalism.
1. The density-matrix formalism for description of step-wise laser-excitations of atoms and molecules in high-collisional media
Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Graphene as an atomically thin material exhibits remarkable optical and electronic properties that suggest its technological application in novel optoelectronic devices, such as graphene-based photodetectors and lasers. To understand the properties of such devices on a microscopic level, we study the interplay of optical excitation, carrier-carrier, carrier-phonon, and carrierphoton scattering as well as diffusion processes. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Graphene as atomically thin two-dimensional material exhibits remarkableoptical and electronic properties that suggest its technological applicationin novel optoelectronic devices, such as graphene-based lasers and photodetectors.The linear electronic bandstructure and the vanishing band gap atthe Dirac point open up new relaxation channels, such as Auger scattering. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Transition Metal Dichalcogenides (TMDs) present a giant leap forward towards the realization of nanometer-sized quantum devices. As a direct consequence of their truly two-dimensional character, TMDs exhibit a strong Coulomb-interaction, leading to the formation of stable electron-hole pairs, so-called excitons. LÄS MER
5. Microscopic Mechanisms of the Formation, Relaxation and Recombination of Excitons in Two-Dimensional Semiconductors
Sammanfattning : Monolayers of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides (TMDs) present a giant leap forward towards the realization of semiconductor devices with atomic scale thickness. As a natural consequence of their two-dimensional character TMDs exhibit a reduced dielectric screening, leading to the formation of unusually stable excitons, i.e. LÄS MER