Svensk arbetsmarknadsutbildning en kvantitativ analys av dess effekter

Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå universitet

Sammanfattning: The study has twelve chapters. After a brief introduction in chapter 1 the development and scope of Swedish manpower training are summarized in chapter 2.Chapter 3 examines to what extent Swedish manpower training has contributed to the attainment of the overall goals of economic policy. Aspects of stabilization, allocation, growth and distribution are dealt with. The chapter ends with a brief review of attempts in the economics of education to explain why it may be advantageous for an individual to participate in manpower training.Chapter 4 opens with an account of results from Swedish and a number of American evaluations of manpower training. In order to assess the effects for the individual some kind of comparison must be made between participants and non-participants. Ways of doing this are discussed.The planning and implementation of the empirical study is described in chapter 5. One aim of the study is to determine the profitability of manpower training for the trainees. The trainees are compared to individuals in similar positions when the former started their training. In chapter 6 the main groups and the control groups are described with reference, to inter alia: sex, age, educational and occupational background. For the trainees, the occupations that the training leads to were also considered.One of the most important aims of manpower training is to improve the position of the trainees on the job market; that is, to shorten the duration of unemployment and to increase the time spent in gainful employment. Chapter 7 describes how the employment situation of the trainees has changed compared to that of the control groups. The effects of manpower training on employment are then analyzed in chapter 8 using regression analysis. Attention is paid to partial response and self selection.In addition to effects on employment, effects on income are also of interest. The measures of income used in the study are defined in chapter 9. These measures are then used in chapter 10 where the income of the trainees is compared to that of the control groups in order to determine to what extent income is influenced by manpower training. Chapter 11 analyzes how participation in manpower training has influenced income. The measures of income used are earned income, hourly wage and three measures of disposable income. Finally, the study concludes in chapter 12 with a summary and discussion.