Quality of Life in Patients with Endocrine Gastrointestinal Tumours
Sammanfattning: The overall aim of this thesis is to investigate health-related quality of life (HRQoL), anxiety and depression in patients with endocrine gastrointestinal (GI) tumours. Patient as well as staff perceptions were assessed. HRQoL was studied with the EORTC QLQ-C30, and anxiety and depression with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. In addition, patient perceptions of the importance of and satisfaction with selected HRQoL aspects were investigated. Semi-structured interviews with open-ended questions were conducted to identify disease- and treatment-related distress, what constitutes a good quality of life and strategies to "keep a good mood" among these patients. Patients reported a relatively good HRQoL and low levels of anxiety and depression. However, they reported a lower HRQoL than could be expected for healthy people of similar age and gender. Staff gave a more pessimistic view of patient satisfaction with HRQoL aspects than did patients, and staff did not accurately judge individual patients' levels of anxiety and depression. Importance>satisfaction discrepancies for HRQoL aspects may identify patients with a low quality of life. HRQoL, anxiety and depression did not change substantially during the first year of treatment. Categories identified through content analysis of interview data concerning distress and quality of life were referred to physical, emotional or social dimensions. Identified strategies to "keep a good mood" were classified as Internal or External. Most categories of distress that were identified are covered by the EORTC QLQ-C30 and/or the HADS, but some additional emotional and social aspects of distress emerged from the interview data. Receiving good care was identified as a strategy to "keep a good mood". This result indicates a possible and potentially important relation between the quality of care and patient HRQoL.
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